Big Bang cosmologies predict that the cosmic microwave background (CMB) contains faint temperature and polarisation anisotropies imprinted in the early universe. ESA's PLANCK satellite has already measured the temperature anisotropies 1 in exquisite detail; the next ambitious step is to map the primordial polarisation signatures which are several orders of magnitude lower. Polarisation E-modes have been measured 2 but the even-fainter primordial B-modes have so far eluded detection. Their magnitude is unknown but it is clear that a sensitive telescope with exceptional control over systematic errors will be required. QUBIC(3) is a ground-based European experiment that aims to exploit the novel concept of bolometric interferometry in order to measure B-mode polarisation anisotropies in the CMB. Beams from an aperture array of corrugated horns will be combined to form a synthesised image of the sky Stokes parameters on two focal planes: one at 150 GHz the other at 220 GHz. In this paper we describe recent optical modelling of the QUBIC beam combiner, concentrating on modelling the instrument point-spread-function and its operation in the 220-GHz band. We show the effects of optical aberrations and truncation as successive components are added to the beam path. In the case of QUBIC, the aberrations introduced by off-axis mirrors are the dominant contributor. As the frequency of operation is increased, the aperture horns allow up to five hybrid modes to propagate and we illustrate how the beam pattern changes across the 25% bandwidth. Finally we describe modifications to the QUBIC optical design to be used in a technical demonstrator, currently being manufactured for testing in 2016.

Optical design and modelling of the QUBIC instrument, a next-generation quasi-optical bolometric interferometer for cosmology / S. Scully, D. Burke, C. O'Sullivan, D. Gayer, M. Gradziel, J.A. Murphy, M. De Petris, D. Buzi, M. Zannoni, A. Mennella, M. Gervasi, A. Tartari, B. Maffei, J. Aumont, S. Banfi, P. Battaglia, E.S. Battistelli, A. Baù, B. Bélier, D. Bennet, L. Bergé, J.-. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, M.-. Bigot-Sazy, N. Bleurvacq, G. Bordier, J. Brossard, E.F. Bunn, D. Cammileri, F. Cavaliere, P. Chanial, C. Chapron, A. Coppolecchia, F. Couchot, G. D'Alessandro, P. De Bernardis, T. Decourcelle, F. Del Torto, L. Dumoulin, C. Franceschet, A. Gault, A. Ghribi, M. Giard, Y. Giraud-Héraud, L. Grandsire, J.C. Hamilton, V. Haynes, S. Henrot-Versillé, N. Holtzer, J. Kaplan, A. Korotkov, J. Lande, A. Lowitz, S. Marnieros, J. Martino, S. Masi, M. Mcculloch, S. Melhuish, L. Montier, D. Néel, M.W. Ng, F. Pajot, A. Passerini, C. Perbost, O. Perdereau, F. Piacentini, M. Piat, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, D. Prêle, R. Puddu, D. Rambaud, O. Rigaut, M. Salatino, A. Schillaci, M. Stolpovskiy, P. Timbie, M. Tristram, G. Tucker, D. Viganò, F. Voisin, B. Watson (PROCEEDINGS OF THE SPIE). - In: Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII / [a cura di] W.S. Holland, J. Zmuidzinas. - [s.l] : SPIE, 2016. - ISBN 9781510602076. - pp. 99142S-1-1599142S-15 (( Intervento presentato al 8. convegno Conference on Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy tenutosi a Edinburgh nel 2016 [10.1117/12.2231717].

Optical design and modelling of the QUBIC instrument, a next-generation quasi-optical bolometric interferometer for cosmology

Mennella, A;Battaglia, P.;Bersanelli, M.;Cavaliere, F.;Del Torto, F.;Franceschet, C.;Viganò, D.;
2016

Abstract

Big Bang cosmologies predict that the cosmic microwave background (CMB) contains faint temperature and polarisation anisotropies imprinted in the early universe. ESA's PLANCK satellite has already measured the temperature anisotropies 1 in exquisite detail; the next ambitious step is to map the primordial polarisation signatures which are several orders of magnitude lower. Polarisation E-modes have been measured 2 but the even-fainter primordial B-modes have so far eluded detection. Their magnitude is unknown but it is clear that a sensitive telescope with exceptional control over systematic errors will be required. QUBIC(3) is a ground-based European experiment that aims to exploit the novel concept of bolometric interferometry in order to measure B-mode polarisation anisotropies in the CMB. Beams from an aperture array of corrugated horns will be combined to form a synthesised image of the sky Stokes parameters on two focal planes: one at 150 GHz the other at 220 GHz. In this paper we describe recent optical modelling of the QUBIC beam combiner, concentrating on modelling the instrument point-spread-function and its operation in the 220-GHz band. We show the effects of optical aberrations and truncation as successive components are added to the beam path. In the case of QUBIC, the aberrations introduced by off-axis mirrors are the dominant contributor. As the frequency of operation is increased, the aperture horns allow up to five hybrid modes to propagate and we illustrate how the beam pattern changes across the 25% bandwidth. Finally we describe modifications to the QUBIC optical design to be used in a technical demonstrator, currently being manufactured for testing in 2016.
CMB; B-modes; bolometric interferometry; QUBIC
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/574512
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