It was recently shown that the experimental infrared spectra of ionic crystals at room temperature are very well reproduced by classical realistic models, and here new results are reported on the temperature dependence of the spectra, for the LiF crystal. The principal aim of the present work is however to highlight the deep analogy existing between the problem of spectra in ionic crystal models on the one hand, and that of energy equipartition in the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam model, on the other. Indeed at low temperatures the computations of the spectra show that the dynamics of the considered system is not completely chaotic, so that the use of the Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics is put in question, as in the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam case. Here, however, at variance with the equipartition problem, a first positive indication is given on the modifications that should be introduced in a classical statistical treatment: the new results at low temperatures show that it is indeed the Clausius identification of temperature that has to be modified. In fact, at very low temperatures the theoretical spectra fail to reproduce the experimental ones, if the temperature is taken as proportional to mean kinetic energy, but agreement is recovered through the only expedient of introducing a suitable temperature rescaling. Analogous results are also found in connection with thermal expansion.

Classical infrared spectra of ionic crystals and their relevance for statistical mechanics / A. Carati, L. Galgani, A. Maiocchi, F. Gangemi, R. Gangemi. - In: PHYSICA. A. - ISSN 0378-4371. - 506(2018 Sep 15), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.physa.2018.04.070]

Classical infrared spectra of ionic crystals and their relevance for statistical mechanics

A. Carati;L. Galgani;A. Maiocchi;
2018

Abstract

It was recently shown that the experimental infrared spectra of ionic crystals at room temperature are very well reproduced by classical realistic models, and here new results are reported on the temperature dependence of the spectra, for the LiF crystal. The principal aim of the present work is however to highlight the deep analogy existing between the problem of spectra in ionic crystal models on the one hand, and that of energy equipartition in the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam model, on the other. Indeed at low temperatures the computations of the spectra show that the dynamics of the considered system is not completely chaotic, so that the use of the Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics is put in question, as in the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam case. Here, however, at variance with the equipartition problem, a first positive indication is given on the modifications that should be introduced in a classical statistical treatment: the new results at low temperatures show that it is indeed the Clausius identification of temperature that has to be modified. In fact, at very low temperatures the theoretical spectra fail to reproduce the experimental ones, if the temperature is taken as proportional to mean kinetic energy, but agreement is recovered through the only expedient of introducing a suitable temperature rescaling. Analogous results are also found in connection with thermal expansion.
equipartition principle; FPU model; infrared spectra; ionic crystal model; ordered and chaotic motions; statistics and probability; condensed matter physics
Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica
apr-2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/572107
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