The progression of mineral phase deposition in hypertrophic cartilage and periosteal bone matrix was studied in human metacarpals primary ossification centers before vascular invasion began. This study aimed to provide a morphologic/morphometric comparative analysis of the calcification process in cartilage and periosteal osteoid used as models of endochondral ossification. Thin, sequential sections from the same paraffin inclusions of metacarpal anlagen (gestational age between the 20th and 22nd weeks) were examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, either stained or heat-deproteinated. This process enabled the analysis of corresponding fields using the different methods. From the initial CaPO4nucleation in cartilage matrix, calcification progressed increasing the size of focal, globular, randomly distributed deposits (size range 0.5-5 Î¼m), followed by aggregation into polycyclic clusters and finally forming a dense, compact mass of calcified cartilage. At the same time, the early osteoid calcification was characterized by a fine granular pattern (size range 0.1-0.5 Î¼m), which was soon compacted in the layer of the first periosteal lamella. Scanning electron microscopy of heat-deproteinated sections revealed a rod-like hydroxyapatite crystallite pattern, with only size differences between the early globular deposits of the two calcifying matrices. The morphology of the early calcium deposits was similar in both cartilage and osteoid, with variations in size and density only. However, integration of the reported data with the actual hypotheses of the mechanisms of Ca concentration suggested that ion transport was linked to the progression of the chondrocyte maturation cycle (with recall of H2O from the matrix) in cartilage, while ions transport was an active process through the cell membrane in osteoid. Other considered factors were the collagen type specificity and the matrix fibrillar texture.
|Titolo:||Study of Endochondral Ossification in Human Fetalcartilage Anlagen of Metacarpals: Comparative Morphology of Mineral Deposition in Cartilage and in the Periosteal Bone Matrix|
|Parole Chiave:||bone cartilage anlage; bone matrix calcification; calcification; cartilage matrix; endochondral ossification; heat deproteination; anatomy; biotechnology; histology; ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||20-dic-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ar.23756|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|