PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Prospectively assessing clinical/dosimetry factors affecting the acute worsening of urinary functionality after radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIAL/METHODS: DUE01 population was considered, including patients treated with conventional or moderate hypo-fractionation (2.2-2.7 Gy/fr). Relevant clinical factors were collected, urinary symptoms were self-reported through the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before and at the end of radiotherapy; while absolute weekly dose-surface histograms (DSHw) were chosen as dosimetry descriptors. An IPSS increase of at least 10 and 15 points (ΔIPSS ⩾ 10 and ΔIPSS ⩾ 15) were chosen as endpoints. Patients with baseline IPSS>20 were excluded. Relevant factors were chosen through a bootstrap-based in silico methodology. RESULTS: Complete information was available for 380 patients: 77/380 (20%) and 28/380 (7%) with ΔIPSS ⩾ 10 and ΔIPSS ⩾ 15, respectively. Neoadjuvant hormone was protective (OR=0.49 and 0.69). DSHw at 8.5 Gy/week and 12 Gy/week were risk factors, with additional risk for patients who use cardiovascular drugs and anti-hypercholesterolemia drugs. In the hypo-fractionated subgroup (n=209) the role of cardiovascular drugs (OR=2.16) for ΔIPSS ⩾ 10 and anti-hypercholesterolemia drugs (OR=2.80) for ΔIPSS⩾15, together with DSHw (10 Gy/week and 12.5 Gy/week, respectively), was confirmed. CONCLUSION: Current study shows a dose-surface/volume effect for acute large worsening of urinary functionality; several clinical variables largely impact the risk and especially all the factors related with vascular diseases.
|Titolo:||Multi-variable models of large International Prostate Symptom Score worsening at the end of therapy in prostate cancer radiotherapy|
|Parole Chiave:||Dose-volume effects; Prostate cancer; Radiotherapy; Urinary toxicity; Hematology; Oncology; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.radonc.2015.11.036|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|