Although BRAF inhibitor monotherapy yields response rates >50% in BRAFV600-mutant melanoma, only ~5% with BRAFV600E colorectal cancer (CRC) respond. Preclinical studies suggest that lack of efficacy in BRAFV600E CRC is due to adaptive feedback reactivation of MAPK signaling, often mediated by EGFR. This clinical trial evaluated BRAF and EGFR inhibition with dabrafenib (D) + panitumumab (P) ± MEK inhibition with trametinib (T) to achieve greater MAPK suppression and improved efficacy in 142 patients with BRAFV600E CRC. Confirmed response rates for D+P, D+T+P, and T+P were 10%, 21%, and 0%, respectively. Pharmacodynamic analysis of paired pre- and on-treatment biopsies found that efficacy of D+T+P correlated with increased MAPK suppression. Serial cell-free DNA analysis revealed additional correlates of response and emergence of KRAS and NRAS mutations on disease progression. Thus, targeting adaptive feedback pathways in BRAFV600E CRC can improve efficacy, but MAPK reactivation remains an important primary and acquired resistance mechanism.
|Titolo:||Combined BRAF, EGFR, and MEK Inhibition in Patients with BRAFV600E-Mutant Colorectal Cancer|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||5-feb-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1158/2159-8290.CD-17-1226|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|