The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of weighted jump squat (WJST) vs body mass squat jump training (BMSJT) on quadriceps muscle architecture, lower-limb lean-mass (LM) and muscle strength, performance in change of direction (COD), sprint and jump in recreational soccer-players. Forty-eight healthy soccer-players participated in an off-season randomized controlled-trial. Before and after an eight-week training intervention, vastus lateralis pennation angle, fascicle length, muscle thickness, LM, squat 1-RM, quadriceps and hamstrings isokinetic peak-torque, agility T-test, 10 and 30m sprint and squat-jump (SJ) were measured. Although similar increases in muscle thickness, fascicle length increased more in WJST (ES=1.18, 0.82-1.54) than in BMSJT (ES=0.54, 0.40-0.68) and pennation angle only increased in BMSJT (ES=1.03, 0.78-1.29). Greater increases in LM were observed in WJST (ES=0.44, 0.29-0.59) than in BMSJT (ES=0.21, 0.07-0.37). Agility T-test (ES=2.95, 2.72-3.18), 10m (ES=0.52, 0.22-0.82) and 30m-sprint (ES=0.52, 0.23-0.81) improved only in WJST, while SJ improved in BMSJT (ES=0.89, 0.43-1.35) more than in WJST (ES=0.30, 0.03-0.58). Similar increases in squat 1-RM and peak-torque occurred in both groups. The greater inertia accumulated within the landing-phase in WJST vs BMSJT has increased the eccentric workload, leading to specific eccentric-like adaptations in muscle architecture. The selective improvements in COD in WJST may be related to the increased braking ability generated by the enhanced eccentric workload.
Specific adaptations in performance and muscle architecture after weighted jump-squat vs body mass squat jump training in recreational soccer players / G. Coratella, M. Beato, C. Milanese, S. Longo, E. Limonta, S. Rampichini, E. Cè, A.V. Bisconti, F. Schena, F. Esposito. - In: JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH. - ISSN 1064-8011. - 32:4(2018 Apr), pp. 921-929.
|Titolo:||Specific adaptations in performance and muscle architecture after weighted jump-squat vs body mass squat jump training in recreational soccer players|
CORATELLA, GIUSEPPE (Primo) (Corresponding)
ESPOSITO, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||change of direction; sprint; fascicle length; isokinetic; ballistic training; pennation angle|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||6-feb-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002463|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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