BACKGROUND: This study investigated the differences in strength, technique and time performance in in-line skaters of three age categories during a 300 m trial. Possible correlations among these variables were also assessed. METHODS: Thirty-six elite in-line skaters (Cadets, Juniors and Seniors, n=12 each; 14±1, 16±1, and 24±6 years of age, respectively) performed a 300-m trial on an outdoor oval track. Total time (Ttot), 100-m fractions and duration of each skating technique (initial acceleration phase, straight push and cross-over) were recorded. A squat jump (SJ) was performed before and after the trial. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration ([La-]) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected before, during and at the end of the trial. RESULTS: Ttot was longer and SJ lower in Cadets compared to the other groups. Seniors employed the cross-over technique for a longer period than the straight push technique, compared to Juniors and Cadets. Ttot correlated negatively with SJ in Seniors. The number of significant correlations between skating techniques' duration and both Ttot and SJ increased with age category. No differences among groups were found for heart rate, [La-] and RPE. CONCLUSIONS: With increasing age category, leg strength appeared to be the more related aspect to skating performance. To improve 300-m in-line skating performance, trainers should pay particular attention to the enhancement of leg strength and cross-over skating technique.
Physiological and technical commitment during a 300-m in-line skating trial in athletes of different age categories / P.L. Invernizzi, R. Scurati, M. Crotti, A. Bosio, S. Longo, F. Esposito. - In: JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS. - ISSN 0022-4707. - 59:1(2019 Jan), pp. 25-34.
|Titolo:||Physiological and technical commitment during a 300-m in-line skating trial in athletes of different age categories|
LONGO, STEFANO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||motor control; training; strength; skill|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive|
Settore M-EDF/01 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Motorie
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||4-gen-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07942-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|