Catechins are able to modulate the gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) by reducing its release from macrophages. Gallocatechins decrease MMP-9 secretion by lowering MMP-9 promoter activity and mRNA levels. The effect appears to be dependent on some structural and stereochemical requirements. In this study, the relationship between chemical structure and activity was studied by testing the effect of analogues of ((plus or minus))-gallocatechin-3-gallate ((plus or minus))-GCG, selectively deprived of hydroxyl groups, on MMP-9 activity, transcription, and secretion. Our results indicate that ((plus or minus))-GCG and ((plus or minus))-catechin-3-gallate are characterized by a substitution pattern compatible with direct inhibition of MMP-9 activity. Conversely, when transcription was the target, ((plus or minus))-trans-3-flavanol-3- benzoate, lacking all the hydroxyl groups, was the most effective both in lowering MMP-9 promoter activity and consequently protein secretion, and in inhibiting nuclear-factor-(kappa)B-driven transcription. Our results suggest that the structural requirements for enzyme inhibition are different from those necessary for targeting gene expression. (copyright) Birkhauser Verlag, 2005.

A structure-activity study for the inhibition of metalloproteinase-9 activity and gene expression by analogues of gallocatechin-3-gallate / M. Dell'Agli, S. Bellosta, L. Rizzi, G.V. Galli, M. Canavesi, F. Rota, R. Parente, E. Bosisio, S. Romeo. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 1420-682X. - 62:23(2005), pp. 2896-2903.

A structure-activity study for the inhibition of metalloproteinase-9 activity and gene expression by analogues of gallocatechin-3-gallate

M. Dell'Agli
Primo
;
S. Bellosta
Secondo
;
L. Rizzi;G.V. Galli;M. Canavesi;E. Bosisio
Penultimo
;
S. Romeo
Ultimo
2005

Abstract

Catechins are able to modulate the gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) by reducing its release from macrophages. Gallocatechins decrease MMP-9 secretion by lowering MMP-9 promoter activity and mRNA levels. The effect appears to be dependent on some structural and stereochemical requirements. In this study, the relationship between chemical structure and activity was studied by testing the effect of analogues of ((plus or minus))-gallocatechin-3-gallate ((plus or minus))-GCG, selectively deprived of hydroxyl groups, on MMP-9 activity, transcription, and secretion. Our results indicate that ((plus or minus))-GCG and ((plus or minus))-catechin-3-gallate are characterized by a substitution pattern compatible with direct inhibition of MMP-9 activity. Conversely, when transcription was the target, ((plus or minus))-trans-3-flavanol-3- benzoate, lacking all the hydroxyl groups, was the most effective both in lowering MMP-9 promoter activity and consequently protein secretion, and in inhibiting nuclear-factor-(kappa)B-driven transcription. Our results suggest that the structural requirements for enzyme inhibition are different from those necessary for targeting gene expression. (copyright) Birkhauser Verlag, 2005.
Catechins; Gallocatechin-3-gallate; Gelatinase B; Gene expression; Matrix metalloproteinase-9; NF-κB driven-transcription; Structure-activity relationship
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
2005
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/5443
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