Measuring emissions from manure management operations (from the barns to the land) is a challenging task, subject to different uncertainties related to the spatial-temporal variability in the process leading to gaseous release. At the same time, emissions inventory is a prerequisite of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies. Manure management emissions are usually estimated using equations developed by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, in the case of greenhouse gases emissions) and European Environmental Agency (EEA) for Nitrogen-related emissions. In the present study, the environmental impacts associated to three Italian dairy farms were calculated through a comparative LCA using two different approaches for complying the emission inventory. In the “estimated” approach (E) the commonly adopted IPCC and EEA equations were used, while in the “measured” approach (M) emissions actually measured were taken as input data to quantify the emissions associated to manure management. The results showed that the IPCC equation underestimates the manure management emissions, leading to a 10–42% lower global warming potential comparing E to M approach. On the other hand, ammonia related impact categories showed higher values if they were calculated using the estimated approach, underling that a safer level of estimation is maintained.

Milk production life cycle assessment : a comparison between estimated and measured emission inventory for manure handling / C. Baldini, L. Bava, M. Zucali, M. Guarino. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 625:(2018 Jun), pp. 209-219. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.261]

Milk production life cycle assessment : a comparison between estimated and measured emission inventory for manure handling

C. Baldini;L. Bava;M. Zucali
;
M. Guarino
2018

Abstract

Measuring emissions from manure management operations (from the barns to the land) is a challenging task, subject to different uncertainties related to the spatial-temporal variability in the process leading to gaseous release. At the same time, emissions inventory is a prerequisite of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies. Manure management emissions are usually estimated using equations developed by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, in the case of greenhouse gases emissions) and European Environmental Agency (EEA) for Nitrogen-related emissions. In the present study, the environmental impacts associated to three Italian dairy farms were calculated through a comparative LCA using two different approaches for complying the emission inventory. In the “estimated” approach (E) the commonly adopted IPCC and EEA equations were used, while in the “measured” approach (M) emissions actually measured were taken as input data to quantify the emissions associated to manure management. The results showed that the IPCC equation underestimates the manure management emissions, leading to a 10–42% lower global warming potential comparing E to M approach. On the other hand, ammonia related impact categories showed higher values if they were calculated using the estimated approach, underling that a safer level of estimation is maintained.
ammonia; dairy farms; emission measurements; greenhouse gases; inventory filling; LCA; environmental engineering; environmental chemistry; waste management and disposal; pollution
Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale
giu-2018
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2018_baldini_EvsM.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 636.61 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
636.61 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/544258
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 41
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact