Homodyne detection is the most effective detection scheme employed in quantum optics to characterize quantum states. It is based on mixing at a beam splitter the signal to be measured with a coherent state, called the "local oscillator", and on evaluating the difference of the photocurrents of two photodiodes measuring the outputs of the beam splitter. If the local oscillator is much more intense than the field to be measured, the homodyne signal is proportional to the signal-field quadratures. If the local oscillator is less intense, the photodiodes can be replaced with photon-number-resolving detectors, which have a smaller dynamics but can measure the light statistics. The resulting new homodyne-like detector acquires a hybrid nature, being it capable of yielding information on both the particle-like (statistics) and wave-like (phase) properties of light signals. The scheme has been tested in the measurement of the quadratures of coherent states, bracket states and phase-averaged coherent states at different intensities of the local oscillator.
Homodyne-like detection scheme based on photon-number-resolving detectors / A. Allevi, M. Bina, S. Olivares, M. Bondani. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUANTUM INFORMATION. - ISSN 0219-7499. - 15:8(2017 Dec 12), pp. 1740016.1-1740016.11.
|Titolo:||Homodyne-like detection scheme based on photon-number-resolving detectors|
|Parole Chiave:||quantum optics; light detectors; light statistics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||12-dic-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219749917400160|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|