The average, corrected attenuance spectra for both spectral forms of phytochrome in a mature leaf were calculated. Optical masking by chlorophyll together with the detour effect (optical path lengthening effect) due to multiple light scattering led to large changes in both the Qy band shape and wavelength position and the effective intensity of the weak vibrational bands increases. The Pfr/Pr oscillator-strength-ratio between 400-750 nm (0.93 in vitro), becomes 1.63 in a leaf. Thus the dominant absorption form is Pfr. These two values permit calculation of the phytochrome photoequilibrium under conditions of daylight illumination both in vitro and in folia. These values are 0.6 and 0.38 respectively. Previous literature estimates for the situation in vitro, based on the 660/730 nm absorption ratio, yielded values close to 0.6. It is demonstrated that this large decrease in the phytochrome photoequilibrium in a leaf has the effect of translating this parameter to a position on the dose (red/far-red light ratio)-response (Pfr/Ptot) plot towards greater sensitivity to changes in the environmental red/far-red ratio. The increased sensitivity factor is almost five-fold for the daylight environment and is even greater for the various shade-light environments. The approximate time taken to attain photoequilibrium (1/e lifetime) has also been calculated for phytochrome in a leaf in different light environments. For the daylight environment the photoequilibration time is 5 s, which increases into the 20-80 s interval under different degrees of shade light. Thus, despite the strong optical masking by chlorophyll in a mature leaf, the phytochrome photoequilibrium is attained quite rapidly on a physiological time scale.

On phytochrome absorption and the phytochrome photoequilibrium in a green leaf: environmental sensitivity and photoequilibrium time / A. Rivadossi, F.M. Garlaschi, A.P. Casazza, G. Zucchelli, R.C. Jennings. - In: PHOTOCHEMICAL & PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1474-905X. - 7:8(2008 Aug), pp. 986-990.

On phytochrome absorption and the phytochrome photoequilibrium in a green leaf: environmental sensitivity and photoequilibrium time

F.M. Garlaschi
Secondo
;
A.P. Casazza;R.C. Jennings
Ultimo
2008

Abstract

The average, corrected attenuance spectra for both spectral forms of phytochrome in a mature leaf were calculated. Optical masking by chlorophyll together with the detour effect (optical path lengthening effect) due to multiple light scattering led to large changes in both the Qy band shape and wavelength position and the effective intensity of the weak vibrational bands increases. The Pfr/Pr oscillator-strength-ratio between 400-750 nm (0.93 in vitro), becomes 1.63 in a leaf. Thus the dominant absorption form is Pfr. These two values permit calculation of the phytochrome photoequilibrium under conditions of daylight illumination both in vitro and in folia. These values are 0.6 and 0.38 respectively. Previous literature estimates for the situation in vitro, based on the 660/730 nm absorption ratio, yielded values close to 0.6. It is demonstrated that this large decrease in the phytochrome photoequilibrium in a leaf has the effect of translating this parameter to a position on the dose (red/far-red light ratio)-response (Pfr/Ptot) plot towards greater sensitivity to changes in the environmental red/far-red ratio. The increased sensitivity factor is almost five-fold for the daylight environment and is even greater for the various shade-light environments. The approximate time taken to attain photoequilibrium (1/e lifetime) has also been calculated for phytochrome in a leaf in different light environments. For the daylight environment the photoequilibration time is 5 s, which increases into the 20-80 s interval under different degrees of shade light. Thus, despite the strong optical masking by chlorophyll in a mature leaf, the phytochrome photoequilibrium is attained quite rapidly on a physiological time scale.
arabidopsis phytochromes; natural-environment; light-absorption; signal; perception; leaves
Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
b806142d.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 129.61 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
129.61 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/53840
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact