GM1 ganglioside (II3 NeuAc-Gg4 Cer) is known to promote neurite formation in neuroblastoma cells by activating TrkA-MAPK pathway. The molecular mechanism by which GM1 is involved in the neurodifferentiation process is still unknown, however, in vitro and in vivo evidences have suggested that the oligosaccharide portion of this ganglioside could be involved. Here, we report that, similarly to the entire GM1 molecule, its oligosaccharide II3 NeuAc-Gg4, rather than its ceramide (Cer) portion is responsible for the neurodifferentiation process by augmenting neurite elongation and increasing the neurofilament protein expression in murine neuroblastoma cells, Neuro2a. Conversely, asialo-GM1, GM2 and GM3 oligosaccharides are not effective in neurite elongation on Neuro2a cells, whereas the effect exerted by the Fuc-GM1 oligosaccharide (IV2 αFucII3 Neu5Ac-Gg4 ) is similar to that exerted by GM1 oligosaccharide. The neurotrophic properties of GM1 oligosaccharide are exerted by activating the TrkA receptor and the following phosphorylation cascade. By photolabeling experiments performed with a nitrophenylazide containing GM1 oligosaccharide, labeled with tritium, we showed a direct interaction between the GM1 oligosaccharide and the extracellular domain of TrkA receptor. Moreover, molecular docking analyses confirmed that GM1 oligosaccharide binds the TrkA-nerve growth factor complex leading to a binding free energy of approx. -11.5 kcal/mol, acting as a bridge able to increase and stabilize the TrkA-nerve growth factor molecular interactions.
Role of the GM1 ganglioside oligosaccharide portion in the TrkA-dependent neurite sprouting in neuroblastoma cells / E. Chiricozzi, D. Pomè, M. Maggioni, E. Di Biase, C. Parravicini, L. Palazzolo, N. Loberto, I. Eberini, S. Sonnino. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 143:6(2017 Dec), pp. 645-659.
|Titolo:||Role of the GM1 ganglioside oligosaccharide portion in the TrkA-dependent neurite sprouting in neuroblastoma cells|
CHIRICOZZI, ELENA (Primo)
POME', DIEGO YURI (Secondo)
EBERINI, IVANO (Penultimo)
SONNINO, SANDRO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||GM1 ganglioside; GM1 oligosaccharide chain; TrkA neurotrophin receptor; differentiation; neuronal development; plasma membrane signaling|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||13-set-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14146|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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