Purpose of Review: This review focuses on the relationship between anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) and female infertility by addressing three key questions: (i) how can aPL induce women’s infertility?; (ii) are aPL more prevalent among infertile than fertile women?; (iii) do aPL-positive women display reduced fertility? Recent Findings: According to experimental data, aPL impair female fertility interfering with endometrial decidualization thus with implantation. Some aPL tests are more frequently detected among infertile women compared to controls; the association between aPL and assisted reproduction techniques outcome is not supported by most studies. Two reports suggest a decreased ovarian reserve among aPL-positive patients, while fertility is preserved in women with systemic lupus erythematosus, commonly associated with aPL positivity. Pregnancy rates drop after diagnosis and lupus women have fewer children than wished, due to many disease-related factors. Summary: While awaiting definitive conclusions on the relationship between aPL and infertility, rheumatologists should properly counsel female patients to safeguard fertility.

Does APS Impact Women’s Fertility? / C.B. Chighizola, M.G. Raimondo, P.L. Meroni. - In: CURRENT RHEUMATOLOGY REPORTS. - ISSN 1523-3774. - 19:6(2017), pp. 33.1-33.9. [10.1007/s11926-017-0663-7]

Does APS Impact Women’s Fertility?

C.B. Chighizola
Primo
;
M.G. Raimondo
Secondo
;
P.L. Meroni
2017

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This review focuses on the relationship between anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) and female infertility by addressing three key questions: (i) how can aPL induce women’s infertility?; (ii) are aPL more prevalent among infertile than fertile women?; (iii) do aPL-positive women display reduced fertility? Recent Findings: According to experimental data, aPL impair female fertility interfering with endometrial decidualization thus with implantation. Some aPL tests are more frequently detected among infertile women compared to controls; the association between aPL and assisted reproduction techniques outcome is not supported by most studies. Two reports suggest a decreased ovarian reserve among aPL-positive patients, while fertility is preserved in women with systemic lupus erythematosus, commonly associated with aPL positivity. Pregnancy rates drop after diagnosis and lupus women have fewer children than wished, due to many disease-related factors. Summary: While awaiting definitive conclusions on the relationship between aPL and infertility, rheumatologists should properly counsel female patients to safeguard fertility.
Anti-phospholipid antibodies; Anti-phospholipid syndrome; Infertility; Reproduction
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/512649
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