The thermal expansion, structural changes and the site partitioning of Co and Mg in synthetic CoMgSiO4 olivine have been studied by in situ time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction as a function of temperature, between 25 and 1,000 degrees C. Thermal expansion of the unit cell dimensions and volume are linear within this temperature range and give no indications of a phase transition, although the thermoelastic behaviour indicates a slight strain minimum around 700 degrees C. Co2+ shows a strong preference for the M1 site throughout this temperature range with an oscillatory behaviour; it decreases slightly at about 300 degrees C, climbing up to nearly its original value at around 800 degrees C and then decreasing by about 30% at 1,000 degrees C. This behaviour is in contrast with that of (Fe, Mg)(2)SiO4 olivine, in which the initial Fe2+ site preference for the M1 site switches to the M2 site beyond a cross-over temperature. The oscillatory site preference in (CoMg)-olivine as a function of temperature is reflected in the M-O polyhedral volume changes and M-O bond lengths, as well as, thermoelastic strain and atomic thermal displacement parameters. The imbalance between the increasing vibrational and decreasing configurational entropy contributions, together with covalent bonding effects rather than crystal field contributions, seem to drive the cation partitioning in (CoMg)-olivine.
Crystal chemistry, cation ordering and thermoelastic behaviour of CoMgSiO4 olivine at high temperature as studied by in situ neutron powder diffraction / R. Rinaldi, G.D. Gatta, G. Artioli, K.S. Knight, C.A. Geiger. - In: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS. - ISSN 0342-1791. - 32:8-9(2005), pp. 655-664.
|Titolo:||Crystal chemistry, cation ordering and thermoelastic behaviour of CoMgSiO4 olivine at high temperature as studied by in situ neutron powder diffraction|
GATTA, GIACOMO DIEGO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||High temperature cation partitioning; Neutron diffraction; Olivine; Order/disorder|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00269-005-0040-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|