Innovative technical solutions to realize optical biosensors with improved performance are continuously proposed. Progress in material fabrication enables developing novel substrates with enhanced optical responses. At the same time, the increased spectrum of available biomolecular tools, ranging from highly specific receptors to engineered bioconjugated polymers, facilitates the preparation of sensing surfaces with controlled functionality. What remains often unclear is to which extent this continuous innovation provides effective breakthroughs for specific applications. In this review, we address this challenging question for the class of label-free optical biosensors, which can provide a direct signal upon molecular binding without using secondary probes. Label-free biosensors have become a consolidated approach for the characterization and screening of molecular interactions in research laboratories. However, in the last decade, several examples of other applications with high potential impact have been proposed. We review the recent advances in label-free optical biosensing technology by focusing on the potential competitive advantage provided in selected emerging applications, grouped on the basis of the target type. In particular, direct and real-time detection allows the development of simpler, compact, and rapid analytical methods for different kinds of targets, from proteins to DNA and viruses. The lack of secondary interactions facilitates the binding of small-molecule targets and minimizes the perturbation in single-molecule detection. Moreover, the intrinsic versatility of label-free sensing makes it an ideal platform to be integrated with biomolecular machinery with innovative functionality, as in case of the molecular tools provided by DNA nanotechnology.
Emerging applications of label-free optical biosensors / G. Zanchetta, R. Lanfranco, F. Giavazzi, T. Bellini, M. Buscaglia. - In: NANOPHOTONICS. - ISSN 2192-8614. - 6:4(2017), pp. 627-645.
|Titolo:||Emerging applications of label-free optical biosensors|
ZANCHETTA, GIULIANO (Primo)
LANFRANCO, ROBERTA (Secondo)
BELLINI, TOMMASO GIOVANNI (Penultimo)
BUSCAGLIA, MARCO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||optical materials; surface plasmon resonance; rapid analytical methods; imaging; DNA nanotechnology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Progetto:||Next Generation Biomimetic Analytical Platforms. Building Blocks for Ubiquitous Environmental Sensor Networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0158|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
|2017 Nanophotonics.pdf||Publisher's version/PDF||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|
|[Nanophotonics] Emerging applications of label-free optical biosensors.pdf||Publisher's version/PDF||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|