We study in detail the recent suggestions by Tshiprut [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 016101 (2005)] to tune tribological properties at the nanoscale by subjecting a substrate to periodic mechanical oscillations. We show that both in stick-slip and sliding regimes of motion friction can be tuned and reduced by controlling the frequency and amplitude of the imposed substrate lateral excitations. We demonstrate that the mechanisms of oscillation-induced reduction of friction are different for stick-slip and sliding dynamics. In the first regime the effect results from a giant enhancement of surface diffusion, while in the second regime it is due to the interplay between washboard and oscillation frequencies that leads to the occurrence of parametric resonances. Moreover, we show that for a particular set of parameters it is possible to sustain the motion with only the oscillations.

Controlling microscopic friction through mechanical oscillations / R. Guerra, A. Vanossi, M. Urbakh. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW E, STATISTICAL, NONLINEAR, AND SOFT MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1539-3755. - 78:3(2008), pp. 036110.1-036110.5.

Controlling microscopic friction through mechanical oscillations

R. Guerra
;
2008

Abstract

We study in detail the recent suggestions by Tshiprut [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 016101 (2005)] to tune tribological properties at the nanoscale by subjecting a substrate to periodic mechanical oscillations. We show that both in stick-slip and sliding regimes of motion friction can be tuned and reduced by controlling the frequency and amplitude of the imposed substrate lateral excitations. We demonstrate that the mechanisms of oscillation-induced reduction of friction are different for stick-slip and sliding dynamics. In the first regime the effect results from a giant enhancement of surface diffusion, while in the second regime it is due to the interplay between washboard and oscillation frequencies that leads to the occurrence of parametric resonances. Moreover, we show that for a particular set of parameters it is possible to sustain the motion with only the oscillations.
contact; modulation; force
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/502253
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