This paper describes the strategy of functionalization of gold electrodes surfaces in aim to obtain a new impedimetric immunosensor for the detection of aflatoxin B1, a common toxic food contaminant. The immunosensor elaboration is based on immobilization of anti-aflatoxin antibody on gold electrodes modified with a cross-linked film of bovine serum albumin, by a four-step protocol. The immunosensor is based on a simple design and requires small volumes of toxic aflatoxin solution. All the steps of the immunosensor elaboration and the immunochemical reaction between aflatoxin and antibody were followed using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The resistance to charge transfer (Rct) was the most sensitive parameter to changes induced to the interfacial properties of the immunosensor by the incubation with aflatoxin and varied linearly with aflatoxin concentration in the range 1-20 ng/mL. The immunosensor was applied for the detection of aflatoxin in spiked plant extracts with good recovery factors.
|Titolo:||Simple surface functionalization strategy for immunosensing detection of aflatoxin B1|
RESTANI, PATRIZIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Aflatoxin B1 detection; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; Impedimetric immunosensor; Surface functionalization; Electrochemistry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.20964/2016.08.21|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|