The toxicity of three heavy metals (copper, zinc and nickel) on an activated sludge biomass was studied by measuring several parameters of microbiological activity and the dynamics of microbial community composition. The effects on the microflora in the activated-sludge tank were evaluated by dosing the tank with different metal concentrations and a noninhibiting concentration of copper for a 2-week period. The relationship between biological effects and chemical measurements was elucidated by principal component analysis (PCA). The biochemical data suggested a higher sensitivity of nitrifiers to these metals than heterotrophs. This was confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis on the microbial community. The impact of copper was displayed by biomass deflocculating phenomena (pin-point) and a decrease in the β-proteobacteria component. In addition, the zone settling velocity (ZSV) was shown not to be a good indicator of chronic toxicity phenomena. Finally, the sequence of biomass metal accumulation capability was assessed, and corresponds to Cu>Ni>Zn.

Metal toxicity in municipal wastewater activated sludge investigated by multivariate analysis and in situ hybridisation / P. Principi, F. Villa, M. Bernasconi, E. Zanardini. - In: WATER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1354. - 40:1(2006), pp. 99-106.

Metal toxicity in municipal wastewater activated sludge investigated by multivariate analysis and in situ hybridisation

P. Principi
Primo
;
F. Villa
Secondo
;
E. Zanardini
Ultimo
2006

Abstract

The toxicity of three heavy metals (copper, zinc and nickel) on an activated sludge biomass was studied by measuring several parameters of microbiological activity and the dynamics of microbial community composition. The effects on the microflora in the activated-sludge tank were evaluated by dosing the tank with different metal concentrations and a noninhibiting concentration of copper for a 2-week period. The relationship between biological effects and chemical measurements was elucidated by principal component analysis (PCA). The biochemical data suggested a higher sensitivity of nitrifiers to these metals than heterotrophs. This was confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis on the microbial community. The impact of copper was displayed by biomass deflocculating phenomena (pin-point) and a decrease in the β-proteobacteria component. In addition, the zone settling velocity (ZSV) was shown not to be a good indicator of chronic toxicity phenomena. Finally, the sequence of biomass metal accumulation capability was assessed, and corresponds to Cu>Ni>Zn.
Activated sludge; FISH; Metal; Microbial community; PCA; Toxicity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/49323
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