Paleomagnetic and biostratigraphic data from the Al Azizia Formation of northwestern Libya, consisting of uppermost Middle Triassic/lowermost Upper Triassic limestones, shed new light on the latitudinal drift of Africa and Adria and related climatic changes. A characteristic component of magnetization carried by magnetite delineates paleomagnetic poles which are coincident with coeval poles from the Southern Alps. Data from this study and the literature are integrated, showing that relatively unrotated remnants of the Adria margin like the Southern Alps (e.g., the Dolomites), Istria, Gargano, Apulia and Iblei moved in close conjunction with Africa since at least Permian times. A Permian-Cenozoic apparent polar wander (APW) curve for Africa/Adria is constructed. The paleolatitude trend for northern Libya calculated from this APW superposed to the zonal latitudinal bands of relative aridity and humidity typical of modern-day climate predicts that northern Libya drifted northwards from the equatorial belt to the arid tropic during the Triassic, and crossed the humid subequatorial/arid subtropical boundary zone at Late Triassic times. This inference is fully supported by Permo-Triassic palynological and facies analysis from this study and the literature. We conclude that a zonal climate model coupled with paleomagnetically constrained paleogeographic reconstructions provides a powerful null hypothesis for understanding past climatic conditions.
|Titolo:||Motion of Africa and Adria since the Permian: paleomagnetic and paleoclimatic constraints from northern Libya|
MUTTONI, GIOVANNI (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adriatic Plate; Africa; Libya; Paleomagnetism; Palynology; Triassic|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00439-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|