BACKGROUND: The high mutational heterogeneity of hemophilia A is a challenge for the provision of genetic services. We plan to identify the mutation in patients with hemophilia A in order to create a confidential national database of mutations for the optimization of genetic services in Italy. DESIGN AND METHODS: The factor VIII gene (F8) was analyzed in 1296 unrelated patients with hemophilia A using screening methods for intron 22 and 1 inversions and rare mutations (denaturing high performance liquid chromatography, conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis) and/or direct sequencing. RESULTS: F8 mutations were identified in 874 (89%), 146 (89%), and 133 (94%) families with severe, moderate, or mild hemophilia A, respectively. Mutations predicting a null allele were responsible for 80%, 15%, and less than 1% of cases of severe, moderate, or mild hemophilia A, respectively. About 40% of missense and nonsense mutations occurred at a CpG site, arginines being most frequently affected. Of the small deletions or insertions, 29% occurred at one of two stretches of adenines, codons 1191-1194 (8As) and 1439-1441 (9As). Overall, these "hotspots" accounted for 31% of the point mutations in the patients with hemophilia A. Inhibitors developed in 22% of the patients with severe hemophilia A, 8% of those with moderate disease and in 4% of patients with mild hemophilia A. Patients who had severe hemophilia A and mutations predicting a null allele developed inhibitors more frequently (22 to 67%) than patients with missense mutations (5%). CONCLUSIONS: We report a wide spectrum of mutations in a large national database. The type of mutation was a strong predictor of the clinical phenotype. This database is expected to considerably improve the genetic counselling and medical care of families with hemophilia A in Italy

The Italian AICE-Genetics hemophilia A database : results and correlation with clinical phenotype / M. Margaglione, G. Castaman, M. Morfini, A. Rocino, E. Santagostino, G. Tagariello, A.R. Tagliaferri, E. Zanon, M.P. Bicocchi, G. Castaldo, F. Peyvandi, R. Santacroce, F. Torricelli, E. Grandone, P.M. Mannucci, AICE-Genetics study group. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - 93:5(2008 May), pp. 722-728.

The Italian AICE-Genetics hemophilia A database : results and correlation with clinical phenotype

F. Peyvandi;P.M. Mannucci
Penultimo
;
2008-05

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The high mutational heterogeneity of hemophilia A is a challenge for the provision of genetic services. We plan to identify the mutation in patients with hemophilia A in order to create a confidential national database of mutations for the optimization of genetic services in Italy. DESIGN AND METHODS: The factor VIII gene (F8) was analyzed in 1296 unrelated patients with hemophilia A using screening methods for intron 22 and 1 inversions and rare mutations (denaturing high performance liquid chromatography, conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis) and/or direct sequencing. RESULTS: F8 mutations were identified in 874 (89%), 146 (89%), and 133 (94%) families with severe, moderate, or mild hemophilia A, respectively. Mutations predicting a null allele were responsible for 80%, 15%, and less than 1% of cases of severe, moderate, or mild hemophilia A, respectively. About 40% of missense and nonsense mutations occurred at a CpG site, arginines being most frequently affected. Of the small deletions or insertions, 29% occurred at one of two stretches of adenines, codons 1191-1194 (8As) and 1439-1441 (9As). Overall, these "hotspots" accounted for 31% of the point mutations in the patients with hemophilia A. Inhibitors developed in 22% of the patients with severe hemophilia A, 8% of those with moderate disease and in 4% of patients with mild hemophilia A. Patients who had severe hemophilia A and mutations predicting a null allele developed inhibitors more frequently (22 to 67%) than patients with missense mutations (5%). CONCLUSIONS: We report a wide spectrum of mutations in a large national database. The type of mutation was a strong predictor of the clinical phenotype. This database is expected to considerably improve the genetic counselling and medical care of families with hemophilia A in Italy
F8 gene; Hemophilia A; Hotspots; Mutations; Phenotype
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/48305
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