Background and aim: The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) are useful parameters in the nutritional classification of carbohydrate foods. Diets characterized by a low GI and/or a low GL have been repeatedly and independently associated with decreased risk of diabetes and other chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to report the GI and GL value of carbohydrate-rich foods available on the Italian market and mostly consumed in Italy. Methods and results: GI values were determined according to FAO/WHO (1997) and ISO (2010). Overall, the 141 commercial foods that were analyzed represent food categories that are the source of >80% carbohydrate intake in Italy. The food items chosen were based mainly on the market share of the brand within each food category and grouped into 13 food categories: 1) beverages: fermented milk drink, juice, smoothie, soft drink; 2) biscuits; 3) breads; 4) bread substitutes; 5) breakfast cereals; 6) cakes and snacks; 7) candy and confectionery; 8) cereals; 9) desserts and ice-creams; 10) marmalade and jam; 11) pasta; 12) pizza; 13) sugar and sweetener. Conclusion: This database of commercial Italian foods partly overcomes the lack of information on GI and GL of local foods, contributing to a better understanding of the association between GI/GL and health and providing a more informed choice to Italian consumers and health practitioners.
|Titolo:||Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods|
|Parole Chiave:||Database; Glycemic index; Glycemic load; Italian commercial foods; Medicine (miscellaneous); Nutrition and Dietetics; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||feb-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.numecd.2016.02.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|