Purpose: Through an analysis of individual published data we assessed whether prognostic criteria exist for adult impalpable testicular sonographic lesions. Materials and Methods: We performed a bibliographic search on PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE online databases from 1990 to May 2004 using search words such as sonographic lesions of the testicle, impalpable tumors of the testicle and impalpable testicular lesions. Six articles were found that presented a description of the histological characteristics, patient age, lesion dimensions, presence of cryptorchidism and association with tumors in other parts of the body. A multivariate analysis was performed comparing the characteristics that appeared more interesting from a univariate analysis. Results: The characteristics of the 48 impalpable sonographic lesions were examined. Histologically 15 of the lesions were Leydig cell tumors (31%), 12 (25%) seminomas, 7 (14.5%) nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 2 (4.5%) Sertoli cell tumors, 12 (25%) benign forms (fibrosis, infarct, lipoma, mesothelial hyperplasia, adenomatoid tumor). The average age was 37.5, average dimension was 10.11 mm. The lesions were hypoechoic in 85% of the cases. Of the patients 31% were infertile. Multivariate analysis showed that histological data were correlated with lesion dimensions and presence of infertility. Dimension was particularly related to germ cell tumors (for dimensions between 16 and 32 mm relative risk ratio [RRR] = 13.97, p=0.0449). Infertility proved significant in defining stromal tumors (RRR = 9,681, p=0.022) Conclusions: Although with the limits of a retrospective study consisting in an analysis of individual data, interesting correlations between malignant pathologies and the initial characteristics of impalpable sonographic lesions were revealed. In particular an interesting correlation was found between the dimensions of the lesion and the malignant pathology and between Leydig cell tumor and infertility.

Prognostic parameters in adult impalpable ultrasonographic lesions of the testicle / L. Carmignani, A. Morabito, F. Gadda, G. Bozzini, F. Rocco, G.M. Colpi. - In: THE JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. - ISSN 0022-5347. - 174:3(2005 Sep), pp. 1035-1038.

Prognostic parameters in adult impalpable ultrasonographic lesions of the testicle

L. Carmignani
Primo
;
A. Morabito
Secondo
;
G. Bozzini;F. Rocco
Penultimo
;
2005

Abstract

Purpose: Through an analysis of individual published data we assessed whether prognostic criteria exist for adult impalpable testicular sonographic lesions. Materials and Methods: We performed a bibliographic search on PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE online databases from 1990 to May 2004 using search words such as sonographic lesions of the testicle, impalpable tumors of the testicle and impalpable testicular lesions. Six articles were found that presented a description of the histological characteristics, patient age, lesion dimensions, presence of cryptorchidism and association with tumors in other parts of the body. A multivariate analysis was performed comparing the characteristics that appeared more interesting from a univariate analysis. Results: The characteristics of the 48 impalpable sonographic lesions were examined. Histologically 15 of the lesions were Leydig cell tumors (31%), 12 (25%) seminomas, 7 (14.5%) nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 2 (4.5%) Sertoli cell tumors, 12 (25%) benign forms (fibrosis, infarct, lipoma, mesothelial hyperplasia, adenomatoid tumor). The average age was 37.5, average dimension was 10.11 mm. The lesions were hypoechoic in 85% of the cases. Of the patients 31% were infertile. Multivariate analysis showed that histological data were correlated with lesion dimensions and presence of infertility. Dimension was particularly related to germ cell tumors (for dimensions between 16 and 32 mm relative risk ratio [RRR] = 13.97, p=0.0449). Infertility proved significant in defining stromal tumors (RRR = 9,681, p=0.022) Conclusions: Although with the limits of a retrospective study consisting in an analysis of individual data, interesting correlations between malignant pathologies and the initial characteristics of impalpable sonographic lesions were revealed. In particular an interesting correlation was found between the dimensions of the lesion and the malignant pathology and between Leydig cell tumor and infertility.
Leydig cell tumor ; adult ; article ; benign tumor ; clinical article ; cryptorchism ; echography ; human ; male infertility ; male ; multivariate analysis ; palpation ; priority journa l; prognosis ; stroma ; testis tumor
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/47151
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