Fusarium graminearum is an important plant-pathogenic fungus and the major cause of cereal head blight. Here, we report the functional analysis of FgStuA, the gene for a transcription factor with homology to key developmental regulators in fungi. The deletion mutant was greatly reduced in pathogenicity on wheat heads and in production of secondary metabolites. Spore production was significantly impaired in ΔFgStuA, which did not develop perithecia and sexual ascospores, and lacked conidiophores and phialides, leading to delayed production of aberrant macroconidia. FgStuAp appears to act as a global regulator that may affect many diverse aspects of the life cycle of F. graminearum. Transcriptome analysis shows that thousands of genes are differentially expressed in the mutant during asexual sporulation and infection of wheat heads and under conditions that induce secondary metabolites, including many that could account for the mutant phenotypes observed. The primary regulatory targets of FgStuAp are likely genes involved in cell-cycle control, and the predicted FgStuAp sequence has an APSES domain, with homology to helixloop- helix proteins involved in cell-cycle regulation. The Aspergillus StuAp response element (A/TCGCGT/ANA/C) was found highly enriched in the promoter sequences of cellcycle genes, which was upregulated in the ΔFgStuA deletion mutant.
The transcription factor FgStuAp influences spore development, pathogenicity, and secondary metabolism in fusarium graminearum / E. Lysøe, M. Pasquali, A. Breakspear, H.C. Kistler. - In: MOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS. - ISSN 0894-0282. - 24:1(2011), pp. 54-67.
|Titolo:||The transcription factor FgStuAp influences spore development, pathogenicity, and secondary metabolism in fusarium graminearum|
PASQUALI, MATIAS (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cell Cycle; Chitinases; Fusarium; Genome, Fungal; Neurospora crassa; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis; Plant Diseases; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Spores, Fungal; Transcription Factors; Triticum; Physiology; Agronomy and Crop Science|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-03-10-0075|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|