In this contribution we discuss the evidence, collected during a geoarchaeological survey, for Upper Pleistocene to Early Holocene environmental modifications and human occupation in the oasis of Palmyra/Tadmor (central Syria) and its surroundings. In the area, archaeological evidence consists of Geometric Kebaran, Natufian and Early Neolithic (Pre-Pottery) archaeological sites, distributed within the limits of the present-day oasis, along the margin of the Sabkhat al Mouh, and in the Abu Fawares area. Most of the archaeological findings are in connection with lacustrine and spring deposits, suggesting a Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene period with a humid climate, sustaining human exploitation of natural resources. Wet environmental conditions presumably turned toward aridity in correspondence with the Early Neolithic, and later archaeological sites were concentrated in the area of the present-day oasis and marginally within the Abu Fawares basin. In this phase archaeological communities presumably changed their subsistence strategies towards food production, exploiting resources in the vicinity of the oasis. The integrated study of the environmental changes that occurred in the region and the distribution of archaeological features permits us to delineate the reduction in size of the oasis of Palmyra, which dates back to the Early Holocene, and compare it to equivalent processes that occurred in other circum-Mediterranean arid regions.

The oasis of Palmyra in prehistory : late Pleistocene and Early Holocene palaeoclimate and human occupation in the region of Palmyra/Tadmor (Central Syria) / M. Cremaschi, A. Zerboni (SUNY Series, The Institute for European and Mediterranean Archaeology Distinguished Monograph Series). - In: Climate and cultural change in Prehistoric Europe and the Near East / [a cura di] P.F. Biehl, O. Nieuwenhuyse. - Prima edizione. - New York : State University of New York Press, 2016. - ISBN 9781438461830. - pp. 13-35 (( convegno The 8.2ka Climate Event and Archaeology in the Ancient Near East tenutosi a Leiden nel 2010.

The oasis of Palmyra in prehistory : late Pleistocene and Early Holocene palaeoclimate and human occupation in the region of Palmyra/Tadmor (Central Syria)

M. Cremaschi;A. Zerboni
2016

Abstract

In this contribution we discuss the evidence, collected during a geoarchaeological survey, for Upper Pleistocene to Early Holocene environmental modifications and human occupation in the oasis of Palmyra/Tadmor (central Syria) and its surroundings. In the area, archaeological evidence consists of Geometric Kebaran, Natufian and Early Neolithic (Pre-Pottery) archaeological sites, distributed within the limits of the present-day oasis, along the margin of the Sabkhat al Mouh, and in the Abu Fawares area. Most of the archaeological findings are in connection with lacustrine and spring deposits, suggesting a Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene period with a humid climate, sustaining human exploitation of natural resources. Wet environmental conditions presumably turned toward aridity in correspondence with the Early Neolithic, and later archaeological sites were concentrated in the area of the present-day oasis and marginally within the Abu Fawares basin. In this phase archaeological communities presumably changed their subsistence strategies towards food production, exploiting resources in the vicinity of the oasis. The integrated study of the environmental changes that occurred in the region and the distribution of archaeological features permits us to delineate the reduction in size of the oasis of Palmyra, which dates back to the Early Holocene, and compare it to equivalent processes that occurred in other circum-Mediterranean arid regions.
Settore GEO/04 - Geografia Fisica e Geomorfologia
Missione Geoarcheologica 2010 nell'area di Palmira (Siria)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/463846
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