The antiproliferative effect of Tempol, a stable nitroxide free radical, was investigated on the p53-negative human leukemia cell line HL60. A concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of cell growth was observed that appears to be due to induction of apoptosis. Involvement of oxidative stress is indicated by a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular peroxides and a parallel decrease in total cellular glutathione; in addition, increased survival rates were observed in cells simultaneously treated with Tempol and the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine. Tempol did not affect the relative levels of Bax and Bcl2, whereas p21(WAF1/CIP1) was enhanced in a concentration- and time-dependent fashion; this effect was partially inhibited by N-acetylcysteine, was maintained for up to 8 h after Tempol removal, and seemed to depend on continuing protein synthesis. The increase in p21(WAF1/CIP1) was accompanied by a parallel accumulation of cells in the G(1) phase of the cycle and by a decrease in the 110 kDa form of pRb. Our results suggest that p53-independent induction of p21(WAF1/CIP1) mediates the antiproliferative effect of Tempol; on the basis of this observation, the nitroxide could be proposed as an useful adjunct to the treatment of p53-deficient tumors, which are often refractory to standard chemotherapy.
|Titolo:||The nitroxide TEMPOL induces oxidative stress, p21WAF1/CIP1, and cells death in HL60 cells|
RIMOLDI, VALERIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apoptosis; Free radicals; Leukemia cells; Oxidative stress; p21(WAF1/CIP1) induction; Tempol|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ott-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0891-5849(00)00347-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|