Water availability is an important environmental factor in viticulture. In a climate change context, vineyard management should be adapted to the new conditions. Drought-resistant rootstocks need to be selected. In this paper, reflectance spectroscopy is proposed as a new method to characterize the water stress effects on woody section pigmentations. Cabernet Sauvignon grafted on 4 different rootstocks (140Ru, 420A, M2 and M3) represented the plant material. Greenhouse controlled conditions allowed the comparison of well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) plants. The physiological responses were characterized concerning daily water consumption, stem water potential, gas exchange, and plant growth. The water use efficiency was calculated and discussed as well. Spectroscopy analyses of woody sections indicated a major absorption band probably related to phenolic derivatives. Water stress produced characteristic spectrum modifications both in the Cabernet Sauvignon stem and in the rootstock xylem. These preliminary results encourage further studies addressed at the evaluation of drought-resistant genotypes, to distinguish their stress responses and to characterize the compositional aspects linked to drought tolerance.

Water deficit effects on grapevine woody tissue pigmentations / D. Grossi, L. Rustioni, G. Simone Di Lorenzo, O. Failla, L. Brancadoro. - In: HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1805-9333. - 43:4(2016), pp. 188-194. [10.17221/186/2015-HORTSCI]

Water deficit effects on grapevine woody tissue pigmentations

D. Grossi
Primo
;
L. Rustioni
;
G. Simone Di Lorenzo;O. Failla
Penultimo
;
L. Brancadoro
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Water availability is an important environmental factor in viticulture. In a climate change context, vineyard management should be adapted to the new conditions. Drought-resistant rootstocks need to be selected. In this paper, reflectance spectroscopy is proposed as a new method to characterize the water stress effects on woody section pigmentations. Cabernet Sauvignon grafted on 4 different rootstocks (140Ru, 420A, M2 and M3) represented the plant material. Greenhouse controlled conditions allowed the comparison of well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) plants. The physiological responses were characterized concerning daily water consumption, stem water potential, gas exchange, and plant growth. The water use efficiency was calculated and discussed as well. Spectroscopy analyses of woody sections indicated a major absorption band probably related to phenolic derivatives. Water stress produced characteristic spectrum modifications both in the Cabernet Sauvignon stem and in the rootstock xylem. These preliminary results encourage further studies addressed at the evaluation of drought-resistant genotypes, to distinguish their stress responses and to characterize the compositional aspects linked to drought tolerance.
Cabernet Sauvignon; vitis; reflectance spectroscopy; rootstock; water stress
Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale e Coltivazioni Arboree
Combining innovation in vineyard management and genetic diversity for a sustainable European viticulture
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/450469
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