A quantitative analysis was performed with the aim of identifying changes in the volume and thickness of the Brenva Glacier tongue (Mont Blanc Massif, Italy) in the second half of the 20th century. This analysis was based on the comparison of digital elevation models (DEMs) derived from historical records, specifically maps (1959, 1971, 1983, 2003) and photogrammetric surveys (1991, 1997). The DEMs were generated by means of a digital photogrammetric workstation, with semi-automatic and automatic procedures. Problems relating to the identification of the control points in the photos had to be resolved in order to define the external orientation. An unconventional photogrammetric methodology, based on the identification of homologous points in zones considered outside of the glacier area, was adopted to insert the surveys into a single reference system. Furthermore, along with the photogrammetric data, DEMs derived from digitized historical maps were generated and compared to define changes in the geometry of the glacier tongue. The results indicated a positive long-term glacier tongue balance. In fact, between 1959 and 2003, there was an increase of 22.6 × 106 m3, equal to an average thickness of ca.+ 34 m (+ 0.7 m a- 1 w.e.). Validation of the data obtained from comparison of the DEMs and the reliability of the results were discussed as well.
|Titolo:||Reconstruction of the recent changes of a debris-covered glacier (Brenva Glacier, Mont Blanc Massif, Italy) using indirect sources : methods, results and validation|
D'AGATA, CARLO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||accuracy; debris-covered glacier; digital elevation model; Mont Blanc Massif; recent glacier changes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.07.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|