PROBLEM: Dendritic cells (DC)/natural killer (NK) cells interactions in the deciduas of early human pregnancies were analyzed in vitro. METHOD OF STUDY: Phenotype, cytokine expression and/or cytolytic mediators' expression were measured by flow cytometry in NK and DC from the freshly isolated decidual mononuclear cells or after their purification and co-culture in vitro. Proliferation of 5(6)-Carboxyfluorescein diacetate N-succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labeled CD56(+) cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after the co-culture with CD1a(+) or CD83(+) DC. RESULTS: Decidual CD1a(+) cells show less mature phenotype with no expression of CD197, lower expression of CD80 and CD86 and higher expression of CD206 and CD195 in comparison to CD83(+) cells. Interleukin (IL)-15, interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha productions were higher in immature than mature DC, whereas IL-10 and IL-18 were equally produced in both subpopulations. Immature DC increase perforin, FasL and TRAIL protein expression and proliferation of NK cells, but decrease their intracellular IL-15 production. Mature DC caused less efficient proliferation of NK cells, and did not affect cytokine and cytolytic mediator expression. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that decidual CD1a(+) cells regulate and shape NK cell function more profoundly than CD83(+) cells in decidua.
|Titolo:||Decidual natural killer cell tuning by autologous dendritic cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1600-0897.2008.00599.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|