The influence of the type of sugar in the osmotic solution and of the time of processing on the volatile compounds of strawberries was studied, in order to optimize the technique as a pre-treatment to further processing. Strawberries of cultivar ‘Camarosa’, cut into 1 cm thick slices, were subjected to osmotic dehydration at 30 1C for 1, 2, 4 and 6 h using either 60% (w/w) sucrose or 60% (w/w) sorbitol solutions. Volatile compounds of fresh and processed strawberry slices were analyzed by static headspace—gas chromatography. Osmotic treatments provoked a loss in volatile compounds due to the migration, mainly of esters, into the osmotic media. The variations in the volatile pattern depended on both time of treatment and type of osmotic solution. The greater changes occurred after 2 h in sucrose; with a promotion of fermentative volatiles (acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate), and a decrease in the other volatiles. Using sorbitol as osmotic agent, the major variations in the volatile pattern occurred after 4 h of osmosis, and the fermentative process was less important than in sucrose, as sorbitol could be less effective in forming a peripheral layer at the fruit surface and/in reducing tissue porosity.
|Titolo:||Headspace volatile compounds during osmotic dehydration of strawberries (cv Camarosa): Influence of osmotic solution and processing time|
|Autori interni:||BURATTI, SUSANNA (Penultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Strawberry ; Osmotic dehydration ; Volatile compounds|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.lwt.2006.02.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|