The reaction chemistry of menthofuran (1), a toxic furan terpenoid from various mint oils, with nitric acid and nitrous acid has been investigated. Treatment of 1 with nitric acid afforded a 1:1 mixture of the bisfuran derivatives 5 and 6, resulting from the unexpected cleavage of the furan into two carbonyl fragments (3-methylcyclohexanone and hydroxyacetone) and their subsequent trapping by unreacted 1. Under conditions of high dilution, the nitrofuran derivative 7 was formed instead as the major reaction product. During investigation of this chemistry, it was found that oxidation of 1 with DDQ led to the important fragrant monoterpenoid 4 [dehydromenthofurolactone (anhydro Woodward-Eastman lactone)] in 44% yield. Exposure of 1 to nitrite ions at pH 3 afforded a completely different type of products, encompassing the known lactone 14, the lactam 15, and the remarkable dimer 16, bearing a N-hydroxy-2-pyrrolinone moiety linked to a nitrooximinofuran unit by an oxygen bridge. By using a combined spectroscopic and DFT approach, the constitution and configuration of 16 could be determined. These results fill a gap in the chemistry of furan compounds and describe routes to menthofuran-derived scaffolds of potential synthetic and biomedical relevance.
|Titolo:||Nitration versus nitrosation chemistry of menthofuran : remarkable fragmentation and dimerization pathways and expeditious entry into dehydromenthofurolactone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jo701992r|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|