The paper describes the synthesis and chiroptical properties of (-)-1,2,3,3a,8,8a,-hexahydro-1,3a-dimethyl-pyrrolo[2,3-b]indole, (-)-1, one of the monomeric units of many flexible polypyrroloindoline alkaloids and (-)-chimonanthine, (-)-2. The aim of this investigation is to show that, under certain circumstances, namely, with molecules for which the sign and order of magnitude of [alpha](D) are determined by the lowest-energy valence-shell transitions (referred to as class (a) molecules), a small basis set calculation of chiroptical properties provides reliable results, and that such a treatment can be employed for absolute configurational assignment of larger oligomers, for which the increased flexibility renders the analysis as formidable task. Actually, as the aforementioned two molecules belong to class (a) systems, a TDDFT/B3LYP/6-31G* calculation of the ECD and ORD spectra gives rise to a more than satisfactory simulation of these data, assuming the reported absolute configurations. In other words, the use of the TDDFT/B3LYP method with the small 6-31G* basis set enables one to treat large and flexible molecules such as (-)-2 (52 atoms and 6 conformers) by usage of a simple PC in about 2 weeks. This protocol demonstrates that an ab initio prediction of ECD/ORD spectra results in reliable assignments of absolute configuration of even relatively large natural products, thus economizing computation time.
|Titolo:||Determination of the absolute configurations of flexible molecules : Synthesis and theoretical simulation of electronic circular dichroism/optical rotation of some pyrrolo[2,3-b]indoline alkaloids : A case study.|
|Autori interni:||VEROTTA, LUISELLA|
|Parole Chiave:||Ab initio calculation; Absolute configuration; Circular dichroism; Indoline alkaloids; Optical rotation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/chir.20395|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|