The development of the oocyte and of its associated follicle cells in the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, has been examined by optical and transmission electron microscopy. During oocyte development the female gamete of Orochromis niloticus increases in size because of the accumulation of yolk in its cytoplasm. As the accumulation of yolk proceeds, the organization of cortex of the oocyte becomes very complex; all of the cytoplasmic organelles and several populations of vesicles can be found. On the other hand follicle cells also undergo a series of modifications: they first become cuboidal then cylindrical and their cytoplasm become densely populated with organelles. The mature egg of Oreochromis niloticus is surrounded by a thin acellular envelope (chorion) assembled during oocyte development. Biochemical analysis of isolated and purified chorions from mature females was also performed. SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions showed a reproducible pattern of three major polypeptides (121, 66 and 50 kD), most of which being glycosylated. The pattern of synthesis and assembly of the egg envelope in Oreochromis niloticus, a mouth-brooding cichlid fish, is also discussed.
|Titolo:||Oocyte development and egg envelope formation in Oreochromis niloticus, a mouth-brooding cichlid fish|
FRANCOLINI, MAURA (Primo)
COTELLI, FRANCO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Choriogenesis; Egg envelope; Glycoproteins; Teleostean oogenesis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|