Aims: Platelets express functional interleukin-1 receptor-1 (IL-1R1) as well as a repertoire of toll-like receptors (TLRs) involved in platelet activation, platelet–leucocyte reciprocal activation, and immunopathology. IL-1R8, also known as single Ig IL-1-related receptor (SIGIRR) or TIR8, is a member of the IL-1R family that negatively regulates responses to IL-1R family members and TLRs. In the present study, we addressed the expression of IL-1R8 in platelets and megakaryocytes and its role in the control of platelet activation during inflammatory conditions and thromboembolism. Methods and results: Here, we show by flow cytometry analysis, western blot, confocal microscopy, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction that IL-1R8 is expressed on human and mouse platelets at high levels and on megakaryocytes. IL-1R8-deficient mice show normal levels of circulating platelets. Homotypic and heterotypic (platelet–neutrophil) aggregation triggered by Adenosine DiPhosphate (ADP) and IL-1 or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was increased in IL-1R8-deficient platelets. IL-1R8-deficient mice showed increased soluble P-selectin levels and increased platelet–neutrophil aggregates after systemic LPS administration. Commensal flora depletion and IL-1R1 deficiency abated platelet hyperactivity and the increased platelet/neutrophil aggregation observed in Il1r8−/− mice in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a key role of IL-1R8 in regulating platelet TLR and IL-1R1 function. In a mouse model of platelet-dependent pulmonary thromboembolism induced by ADP administration, IL-1R8-deficient mice showed an increased frequency of blood vessel complete obstruction. Conclusion: These results show that platelets, which have a large repertoire of TLRs and IL-1 receptors, express high levels of IL-1R8, which plays a non-redundant function as a regulator of thrombocyte activity in vitro and in vivo.

Expression and function of IL-1R8 (TIR8/SIGIRR) : a regulatory member of the IL-1 receptor family in platelets / A. Anselmo, F. Riva, S. Gentile, C. Soldani, M. Barbagallo, C. Mazzon, F. Feruglio, N. Polentarutti, P. Somma, P. Carullo, C. Angelini, M. Bacci, G.L. Mendolicchio, A. Voza, M. Nebuloni, A. Mantovani, C. Garlanda. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-6363. - 111:4(2016), pp. 373-384. [10.1093/cvr/cvw162]

Expression and function of IL-1R8 (TIR8/SIGIRR) : a regulatory member of the IL-1 receptor family in platelets

A. Anselmo
Primo
;
F. Riva
Secondo
;
S. Gentile;G.L. Mendolicchio;M. Nebuloni;
2016

Abstract

Aims: Platelets express functional interleukin-1 receptor-1 (IL-1R1) as well as a repertoire of toll-like receptors (TLRs) involved in platelet activation, platelet–leucocyte reciprocal activation, and immunopathology. IL-1R8, also known as single Ig IL-1-related receptor (SIGIRR) or TIR8, is a member of the IL-1R family that negatively regulates responses to IL-1R family members and TLRs. In the present study, we addressed the expression of IL-1R8 in platelets and megakaryocytes and its role in the control of platelet activation during inflammatory conditions and thromboembolism. Methods and results: Here, we show by flow cytometry analysis, western blot, confocal microscopy, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction that IL-1R8 is expressed on human and mouse platelets at high levels and on megakaryocytes. IL-1R8-deficient mice show normal levels of circulating platelets. Homotypic and heterotypic (platelet–neutrophil) aggregation triggered by Adenosine DiPhosphate (ADP) and IL-1 or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was increased in IL-1R8-deficient platelets. IL-1R8-deficient mice showed increased soluble P-selectin levels and increased platelet–neutrophil aggregates after systemic LPS administration. Commensal flora depletion and IL-1R1 deficiency abated platelet hyperactivity and the increased platelet/neutrophil aggregation observed in Il1r8−/− mice in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a key role of IL-1R8 in regulating platelet TLR and IL-1R1 function. In a mouse model of platelet-dependent pulmonary thromboembolism induced by ADP administration, IL-1R8-deficient mice showed an increased frequency of blood vessel complete obstruction. Conclusion: These results show that platelets, which have a large repertoire of TLRs and IL-1 receptors, express high levels of IL-1R8, which plays a non-redundant function as a regulator of thrombocyte activity in vitro and in vivo.
immunity; inflammation; platelets; sepsis; thromboembolism
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/418223
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