In recent years autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) have become popular in several medicine fields, representing a valuable adjunct to regenerative surgical procedures. Beneficial effects in the control of postsurgical discomfort and infection have also been frequently reported, suggesting that APC may possess anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. The aim of the present review was to summarize the current evidence regarding the antimicrobial effects of platelet concentrates, investigated by in vitro and animal studies. This review was conducted following a systematic approach. An electronic search was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus databases using appropriate search terms, without language or time restrictions. Preclinical studies assessing the antimicrobial activity of APC were included and divided according to the experimental design. Twenty in vitro studies and four animal studies, investigating APC effects on a broad range of microorganisms, were included. In in vitro studies APC reduced the growth of microorganisms during the first hours of incubation, while they could not completely break down the microbial load. In fact, over time a recovery of bacterial growth was always observed, suggesting that APCs display a bacteriostatic rather than a microbicidal activity. All animal studies showed that APC administered by local injections were able to reduce the infection caused by different microorganisms, although to a lesser extent compared to antibiotics. In conclusion, although the exact action mechanisms of interaction with microbial pathogens need further investigation, platelet concentrates proved to have antimicrobial properties, and therefore could represent a useful natural substance for controlling postoperative infections at surgical sites.
Antimicrobial properties of platelet-rich preparations : a systematic review of the current pre-clinical evidence / M. Del Fabbro, M. Bortolin, S. Taschieri, C. Ceci, R.L. Weinstein. - In: PLATELETS. - ISSN 0953-7104. - 27:4(2016 Jun), pp. 276-285.
|Titolo:||Antimicrobial properties of platelet-rich preparations : a systematic review of the current pre-clinical evidence|
BORTOLIN, MONICA (Secondo)
CECI, CATERINA (Penultimo)
WEINSTEIN, ROBERTO LODOVICO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||antimicrobial agents; Autologous platelet concentrates; platelet-rich plasma; systematic review; Hematology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09537104.2015.1116686|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|