The Cretaceous has been characterized by intervals of super-greenhouse climate and profound environmental perturbations, including the early Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1) a and the latest Cenomanian OAE 2 being episodes of widespread organic matter burial in oxygen-depleted oceans. The OAE 1a and OAE 2 are thought to be related to the emplacement of the Ontong Java Plateau and the Caribbean Plateau, respectively. The volcanic acrivity of these Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) introduced in the atmosphere a large amount of CO2 with consequent impact on biota, climate and ocean chemistry. The perturbations of the C cycle are traced in the C isotopic record which shows a negative shift at the beginning of OAE 1a followed by a positive excursion, and a large positive anomaly marking the OAE 2. In this study, we intended to detected if and how these changes in pCO2 affected the biogenic carbonate production of calcareous nannoplankton. Coccolithophore algae are in fact extremely sensitive to changes in physical and chemical conditions of the oceans and laboratory experiments on living forms indicate that coccolith type, abundance and degree of mineralization depend on chemical-physical-trophic conditions of water as well as on pCO2. Our data revealed the presence of dwarf/malformed coccoliths during OAE 1a and OAE 2 interpreted to be the response of some coccolithophore species to increased surface-water acidification, thus providing indication of intervals of excess CO2. Following these observations, that suggest that past calcareous nannoplankton probably responded similarly to extant coccolithophores under fluctuating CO2, we reconstructed nannofossil calcite paleofluxes during the Aptian and used them to calculate paleoCO2. Calcite production resulted to be severly affected during OAE 1a, when the highest CO2 concetrations of the Aptian were reached under the most intense phase of Ontong Java. During the middle-late Aptian, paleofluxes were then characterized by fluctuations, suggestive for variable paleoCO2 depending on the interplay between CO2 emissions and uptake.
Calcareous nannofossils as tracers of paleoCO2 / C. Bottini, E. Erba, G. Faucher. ((Intervento presentato al 26. convegno Goldschmidt tenutosi a Yokohama nel 2016.
|Titolo:||Calcareous nannofossils as tracers of paleoCO2|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia|
|Citazione:||Calcareous nannofossils as tracers of paleoCO2 / C. Bottini, E. Erba, G. Faucher. ((Intervento presentato al 26. convegno Goldschmidt tenutosi a Yokohama nel 2016.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|