alpha(1)-Acid glycoprotein (AGP, orosomucoid) is a normal costituent of bovine blood. AGP is an immunocalin, a binding protein that can also exert several immunomodulatory functions. In this paper we investigated the effect of bovine alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (boAGP) on spontaneous and staurosporine-induced apoptosis of blood derived monocytes purified using magnetic cell sorting techniques. Bovine AGP was purifed from blood following a chromatographic protocol. The homogeneous protein was used to stimulate the cells as well to raise a polyclonal antibody, that was used throughout all the experiments. When monocytes were incubated with high concentrations of boAGP (0.9 mg/ml), similar to those found in bovine plasma during systemic reaction to inflammation, their spontaneous apoptosis rate was suppressed, as determined by caspase-3/7 enzymatic activity assay. Similar results were obtained when apoptosis was induced by adding staurosporine, a potent protein kinase inhibitor. The apoptosis-modulating activity of boAGP was dependent on its concentration, since physiological concentrations of boAGP (0.3 mg/ml) did not exhibit a statistically significative anti-apoptotic activity. We also investigated whether this apoptosis-modulating activity was dependent on the terminal sialic acid residues exposed on the surface of the protein. Enzymatic treatment with neuraminidase, that cleaves terminal sialic acid residues, completely abolished boAGP's anti-apoptotic activity. These results suggest that the protective effect of AGP is likely mediated by its sialic acid terminal groups.
Alpha(1)-Acid glycoprotein modulates apoptosis in bovine monocytes / F. Ceciliani, V. Pocacqua, A. Miranda Ribera, V. Bronzo , C. Lecchi, P. Sartorelli. - In: VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-2427. - 116:3/4(2007), pp. 145-152.
|Titolo:||Alpha(1)-Acid glycoprotein modulates apoptosis in bovine monocytes|
CECILIANI, FABRIZIO (Primo)
POCACQUA, VANESSA (Secondo)
LECCHI, CRISTINA (Penultimo)
SARTORELLI, PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||apoptosis ; acute phase response ; bovine ; monocytes ; alpha 1-acid glycoproein ; glycosylation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2007.01.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|