In an effort to define the actual function of the promiscuous putatively silent chemokine receptor D6, transfectants were generated in different cell types. Engagement of D6 by inflammatory CC chemokines elicited no calcium response nor chemotaxis, but resulted in efficient agonist internalization and degradation. Also in lymphatic endothelium, where this receptor is expressed in vivo, D6 did not elicit cellular responses other than ligand internalization and degradation. In particular, no evidence was obtained for D6-mediated transcytosis of chemokines in the apical-to-basal or basal-to-apical directions. These results indicate that D6 acts as an inflammatory chemokine scavenging nonactivatory decoy receptors and suggest that in lymphatic vessels D6 may function as a gatekeeper for inflammatory CC chemokines, by clearing them and preventing excessive diffusion via afferent lymphatics to lymph nodes.
|Titolo:||Cutting edge : scavenging of inflammatory CC chemokines by the promiscuous putatively silent chemokine receptor D6|
LOCATI, MASSIMO (Secondo)
MANTOVANI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-mar-2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|