Background and purpose: Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are beneficial in pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure, the two conditions associated with coronary heart disease and ischaemia. We investigated whether sildenafil counteracts the cardiovascular alterations induced by No-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) in the rat. Experimental approach: Sildenafil was given orally to rats at doses of 0.37, 0.75 or 1.5mg kg 1day 1 for four weeks, either alone or with L-NAME (35-40mg kg 1 day 1 in the drinking water). Systolic blood pressure and urinary parameters (6-ketoprostaglandin F1a, thromboxane B2, 8-isoprostane-prostaglandin F2a and nitrite/nitrate) were measured in conscious rats. Isolated hearts were subjected to low flow ischaemia–reperfusion, and myocardial levels of guanosine 3’, 5’cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) were determined. Endothelial vascular dysfunction was examined in aortic rings. Key results: Sildenafil dose-dependently prevented the rise in systolic blood pressure in L-NAME-treated rats. This activity was associated with a normalization of urinary 8-isoprostane-prostaglandin F2a and other biochemical parameters. In perfused hearts, the post-ischaemic ventricular dysfunction was worse in preparations from L-NAME-treated rats than in controls. Sildenafil dose-dependently reduced this effect, and creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase release were lower too. cGMP levels, which were low in myocardial tissue from L-NAME-treated rats, were restored by sildenafil. In noradrenalineprecontracted aortic rings from L-NAME-treated rats acetylcholine lost its vasorelaxant effect, and sildenafil restored it. Conclusion and implications: In a rat model of chronic nitric oxide deprivation, where hypertension and aggravation of postischaemic ventricular dysfunction are associated with loss of vascular endothelium-relaxant function, sildenafil provided significant cardiovascular protection, primarily by maintaining tissue cGMP levels.
Sildenafil reduces L-NAME-induced severe hypertension and worsening of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion damage in the rat / G. Rossoni, B. Manfredi, V. De Gennaro Colonna, M. Berti, M. Guazzi, F. Berti. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 150:5(2007 Mar), pp. 567-576.
|Titolo:||Sildenafil reduces L-NAME-induced severe hypertension and worsening of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion damage in the rat|
ROSSONI, GIUSEPPE BATTISTA (Primo)
MANFREDI, BARBARA (Secondo)
GUAZZI, MARCO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||L-NAME-induced hypertension; Myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion; Sildenafil|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0707131|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|