We describe a new aerogel obtained from laccase-oxidized galactomannans of the leguminous plant fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) and suggest its potential practical use. Laccase/TEMPO oxidation of fenugreek in aqueous solution caused a viscosity increase of over 15-fold. A structured, elastic, stable hydrogel was generated, due to formation of carbonyl groups from primary OH of galactose side units and subsequent establishment of hemiacetalic bonds with available free hydroxyl groups. Upon lyophilization of this hydrogel, a water-insoluble aerogel was obtained (EOLFG), capable of uptaking aqueous or organic solvents over 20 times its own weight. The material was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, FT-IR, elemental analysis and (13)C CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy and its mechanical properties were investigated. To test the EOLFG as a delivery system, the anti-microbial enzyme lysozyme was used as model active principle. Lysozyme was added before or after formation of the aerogel, entrapped or absorbed in the gel, retained and released in active form, as proven by its hydrolytic glycosidase activity on lyophilized Micrococcus lysodeikticus cells wall peptidoglycans. This new biomaterial, composed of a chemo-enzymatically modified plant polysaccharide, might represent a versatile, biocompatible "delivery system" of active principles in food and non-food products.
An aerogel obtained from chemo-enzymatically oxidized fenugreek galactomannans as a versatile delivery system / B. Rossi, P. Campia, L. Merlini, M. Brasca, N. Pastori, S. Farris, L. Melone, C. Punta, Y.M. Galante. - In: CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS. - ISSN 0144-8617. - 144(2016 Jun 25), pp. 353-361.
|Titolo:||An aerogel obtained from chemo-enzymatically oxidized fenugreek galactomannans as a versatile delivery system|
CAMPIA, PAOLA (Secondo) (Corresponding)
FARRIS, STEFANO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Aerogel; Delivery system; Fenugreek; Galactomannans; Laccase oxidation; Lysozyme|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
Settore CHIM/05 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Polimerici
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-giu-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|