Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections, responsible for great morbidity and mortality worldwide. The majority of studies on HAP have been conducted in patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU), as mechanical ventilation represents a major risk factor for nosocomial pneumonia and specifically for ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, epidemiological data seem to be different between patients acquiring HAP in the ICU vs. general wards, suggesting the importance of identifying non ICU-acquired pneumonia (NIAP) as a clinical distinct entity in terms of both etiology and management. Early detection of NIAP, along with an individualized management, is needed to reduce antibiotic use and side effects, bacterial resistance and mortality. The present article reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of NIAP.
Non-Intensive Care Unit Acquired Pneumonia : A New Clinical Entity? / M. Di Pasquale, S. Aliberti, M. Mantero, S. Bianchini, F. Blasi. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 17:3(2016), pp. 287.1-287.14.
|Titolo:||Non-Intensive Care Unit Acquired Pneumonia : A New Clinical Entity?|
DI PASQUALE, MARTA FRANCESCA (Primo)
BIANCHINI, SONIA (Penultimo)
BLASI, FRANCESCO BRUNO ARTURO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||hospital acquired pneumonia; microbiology; nosocomial infection; prevention; risk factors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms17030287|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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