Tuning is a key aspect of inflammatory reaction essential in homeostasis and pathology. An emerging mechanism for negative regulation of proinflammatory cytokines is based on non-signaling IL-1/TLR receptors and chemokine receptors competing with signaling receptors for ligand binding and sustaining ligand internalization and degradation. Biological activities of IL-1R/TLR receptors are under control of membrane-bound binding molecules lacking the signaling domain, soluble receptor antagonists, and intracellular signaling inhibitors. The chemokine system includes at least three 'silent' receptors with distinct specificity and tissue distribution. D6 is the best characterized representative member of this class of negative regulators, binds most inflammatory, but not homeostatic, CC chemokines and shuttles in a ligand-independent way from the plasma membrane to endocytic compartments where chemokines are targeted to degradation. In vitro and in vivo evidence, including results with gene targeted mice, is consistent with the view that these non-signaling receptors for proinflammatory cytokines possess unique functional and structural features which make them ideally adapted to act as a decoy and scavenger receptors, with a non redundant role in dampening tissue inflammation and tuning draining lymph nodes reactivity

Regulatory pathways in inflammation / A. Mantovani, C. Garlanda, M. Locati, T.V. Rodriguez, S.G. Feo, B. Savino, A. Vecchi. - In: AUTOIMMUNITY REVIEWS. - ISSN 1568-9972. - 7:1(2007 Nov), pp. 8-11.

Regulatory pathways in inflammation

A. Mantovani
Primo
;
M. Locati;B. Savino
Penultimo
;
2007

Abstract

Tuning is a key aspect of inflammatory reaction essential in homeostasis and pathology. An emerging mechanism for negative regulation of proinflammatory cytokines is based on non-signaling IL-1/TLR receptors and chemokine receptors competing with signaling receptors for ligand binding and sustaining ligand internalization and degradation. Biological activities of IL-1R/TLR receptors are under control of membrane-bound binding molecules lacking the signaling domain, soluble receptor antagonists, and intracellular signaling inhibitors. The chemokine system includes at least three 'silent' receptors with distinct specificity and tissue distribution. D6 is the best characterized representative member of this class of negative regulators, binds most inflammatory, but not homeostatic, CC chemokines and shuttles in a ligand-independent way from the plasma membrane to endocytic compartments where chemokines are targeted to degradation. In vitro and in vivo evidence, including results with gene targeted mice, is consistent with the view that these non-signaling receptors for proinflammatory cytokines possess unique functional and structural features which make them ideally adapted to act as a decoy and scavenger receptors, with a non redundant role in dampening tissue inflammation and tuning draining lymph nodes reactivity
Decoy receptors; Inflammation; Proinflammatory cytokines; Scavenger receptors
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
nov-2007
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/36385
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