Background: The relative contribution of visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue to cardiometabolic disease is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dissecting abdominal fat in VAT and SAT using US may detect stronger and more specific association with MS, MS components, hyperuricemia and altered liver enzymes compared to waist circumference. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on 2414 subjects aged 18 to 66 years (71 % women) followed at the International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS, Milan, Italy). VAT and SAT were measured using ultrasonography. Multivariable logistic regression controlling for age and gender was used to evaluate the association of the parameters of interest (waist circumference (WC), VAT, SAT and VAT + SAT) with the MS (international harmonized definition), its components (high triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, high glucose), high uric acid (>= 7 mg/dl), high alanine transaminase (ALT, >= 30 U/l) and high gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GGT, >= 30 U/l). Results: VAT was independently associated with all the outcomes of interest, while SAT was independently associated with MS and only with high blood pressure and high ALT when we considered the single parameters of MS and NAFLD. VAT had the strongest association with high triglycerides, high ALT and high GGT. The VAT + SAT association had the strongest association with MS. WC had the strongest association with low HDL and high blood pressure. VAT and WC were similarly associated to high glucose and high uric acid. Conclusion: US-determined VAT and SAT are both independently associated with MS. Moreover, to our knowledge, we are the first to show that VAT, being associated to all of the MS components in addition to hyperuricemia and altered liver enzymes, performs equally or better than WC except for high blood pressure and low HDL.
Metabolic correlates of subcutaneous and visceral abdominal fat measured by ultrasonography : a comparison with waist circumference / S. Bertoli, A. Leone, L. Vignati, A. Spadafranca, G. Bedogni, A. Vanzulli, E. Rodeschini, A. Battezzati. - In: NUTRITION JOURNAL. - ISSN 1475-2891. - 15:1(2016 Jan 06), pp. 2.1-2.8.
|Titolo:||Metabolic correlates of subcutaneous and visceral abdominal fat measured by ultrasonography : a comparison with waist circumference|
BERTOLI, SIMONA (Primo)
LEONE, ALESSANDRO (Secondo)
RODESCHINI, ELENA (Penultimo)
BATTEZZATI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cross-sectional study; epidemiology; liver enzymes; metabolic syndrome; subcutaneous fat; ultrasonography; uric acid; visceral fat; waist circumference|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||6-gen-2016|
|Centro di ricerca:||Centro Internazionale per lo Studio della Composizione Corporea ICANS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-015-0120-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|