The pre-drift Wegenerian model of Pangea is almost universally accepted, but debate exists on its pre-Jurassic configuration since Ted Irving introduced Pangea B. We review Permian and recently acquired Jurassic-Cretaceous paleomagnetic data from para-autochthonous regions of Adria such as the Southern Alps, which we show to be broadly consistent with "African" APWPs. Paleomagnetic data from paraautochthonous Adria can therefore be used to bolster the Gondwana APWP in the poorly known Late Permian-Triassic time interval. Adria paleopoles are integrated with the Gondwana and Laurasia APWPs and used to generate a tectonic model for the evolution of Pangea. The Early Permian paleopole of Adria from radiometrically dated igneous rocks, in conjunction with the coeval Gondwana and Laurasia paleopoles again from igneous rocks, support Pangea B. The use of paleomagnetic data strictly from igneous rocks excludes artifacts from sedimentary inclination error as a contributing explanation for Pangea B. The ultimate option to reject Pangea B is to introduce a significant zonal octupole component in the Late Paleozoic time-averaged geomagnetic field. Our dataset consisting entirely of paleomagnetic directions with low inclinations from sampling sites confined to one hemisphere show that the effects of a zonal octupole field contribution cannot explain away the paleomagnetic evidence for Pangea B. We therefore regard the paleomagnetic evidence for an Early Permian Pangea B as robust. Because the Late Permian/Early Triassic and the Middle/early Late Triassic paleopoles from Adria and Laurussia support Pangea A, the phase of transcurrent motion between Laurasia and Gondwana that caused the Pangea B to A transition occurred essentially in the Permian. It took place after the cooling of the Variscan megasuture and lasted ~20 m.y., with an average relative plate velocity of approximately 15 cm/yr. Finally, we review geological and paleomagnetic evidence in support of an intra-Pangea dextral megashear system. In particular, we present paleomagnetic data from Corsica and Sardinia that, during the Permian, were presumably caught into the transcurrent plate boundaries between Gondwana and Laurasia and dissected away in variably rotated crustal blocks.
|Titolo:||The Case for Pangea B: Paleomagnetic Contributions from Adria|
MUTTONI, GIOVANNI (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2004|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
|Citazione:||The Case for Pangea B: Paleomagnetic Contributions from Adria / G. Muttoni. ((Intervento presentato al convegno American Geophysical Union tenutosi a San Francisco nel 2004.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|