Au- and iron-based magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are promising NPs for biomedical applications due to their unique properties. The combination of a gold coating over a magnetic core puts together the benefits from adding the magnetic properties to the robust chemistry provided by the thiol functionalization of gold. Here, the use of Au-coated magnetic NPs for molecular detection of a single methylation in DNA aptamer is described. Binding of α-thrombin to two aptamers conjugated to these NPs causes aggregation, a phenomenon that can be observed by UV, DLS and MRI. These techniques discriminate a single methylation in one of the aptamers, preventing aggregation due to the inability of α-thrombin to recognize it. A parallel study with gold and ferromagnetic NPs is detailed, concluding that the Au coating of FexOy NP does not affect their performance and that they are suitable as complex biosensors. These results prove the high detection potency of Au-coated SPIONs for biomedical applications especially for DNA repair detection.

Gold-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles for single methyl discrimination in DNA aptamers / M. Tintoré, S. Mazzini, L. Polito, M. Marelli, A. Latorre, Á. Somoza, A. Aviñó, C. Fàbrega, R. Eritja. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 16:11(2015 Sep 09), pp. 27625-27639. [10.3390/ijms161126046]

Gold-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles for single methyl discrimination in DNA aptamers

S. Mazzini;L. Polito;M. Marelli;
2015-09-09

Abstract

Au- and iron-based magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are promising NPs for biomedical applications due to their unique properties. The combination of a gold coating over a magnetic core puts together the benefits from adding the magnetic properties to the robust chemistry provided by the thiol functionalization of gold. Here, the use of Au-coated magnetic NPs for molecular detection of a single methylation in DNA aptamer is described. Binding of α-thrombin to two aptamers conjugated to these NPs causes aggregation, a phenomenon that can be observed by UV, DLS and MRI. These techniques discriminate a single methylation in one of the aptamers, preventing aggregation due to the inability of α-thrombin to recognize it. A parallel study with gold and ferromagnetic NPs is detailed, concluding that the Au coating of FexOy NP does not affect their performance and that they are suitable as complex biosensors. These results prove the high detection potency of Au-coated SPIONs for biomedical applications especially for DNA repair detection.
Aptamers; Biosensor; Gold-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles; Nanotechnology; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Spectroscopy; Inorganic Chemistry; Catalysis; Molecular Biology; Computer Science Applications1707 Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/346638
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