Abstract OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that fetal abdominal circumference (AC) and Uterine Doppler Pulsatility Index (UtA-PI) could select two homogenous subgroups of women affected by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), characterized by the coexistence of maternal hypertension with and without IUGR. METHODS: This is a multicentre study that studied cases affected by HDP in whom fetal AC and UtA-PI had been measured at admission to feto Maternal Medicine Units. Maternal characteristics, pregnancy complications and outcome were recorded. These data allowed us to model the characteristics of fetal growth in cases affected by HDP, and to design a composite index for risk factors of maternal metabolic syndrome (rfMMS) and composite index of severity for maternal organ and/or function damage (OFD). RESULTS: Measurements of fetal AC and UtA-PI allowed us to define a group of HDP with AGA fetuses (HDP-AGAf) diagnosed by normal fetal AC and a UtA-PI (#205), and a group of HDP with IUGR fetuses (HDP-IUGR) diagnosed by fetal AC <5th centile and UtA-PI >95th centile (#124). Curves fitted to birth-weight of the two groups were significantly different, and gestational age at admission for HDP, <34 or ≥34, had no effect on their models. When birth-weight was expressed as standard deviation score (SDS) of local reference charts, the average SDS (±standard error) corresponded to the 6th and 48th centile respectively. The risk of developing HDP-AGAf was significantly associated with risk factors for maternal metabolic syndrome (OR= 2.79;CI 1.57-4.97), independently of gestational age. The same risk factors yielded a non significant ORs of developing late onset HDP. Women with HDP-IUGR proved to be associated with the worst clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds genuine new data based on simple prenatal bedside examinations, that might help to differentiate HDP with IUGR, from HDP with AGA fetuses, associated with different fetal growth patterns and different risk factors, not affected by gestational age at onset of the disease.
Bedside diagnosis of two major clinical phenotypes of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy / E. Ferrazzi, S. Zullino, T. Stampalija, C. Vener, P. Cavoretto, M.T. Gervasi, P. Vergani, F. Mecacci, L. Marozio, G. Oggè, P. Algeri, A. Ruffatti, S. Milani, T. Todros. - In: ULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-7692. - (2015 Sep 09), pp. n/a-n/a. [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Bedside diagnosis of two major clinical phenotypes of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy|
|Parole Chiave:||Doppler velocimetry; IUGR; Pregnancy; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; pre-eclampsia|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||9-set-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.15741|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|