This study aimed to assess the effects of thoracic anodal and cathodal transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) on upper and lower limb corticospinal excitability. Although there have been studies assessing how thoracic tsDCS influences the spinal ascending tract and reflexes, none has assessed the effects of this technique over upper and lower limb corticomotor neuronal connections. In 14 healthy subjects we recorded motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) from abductor hallucis (AH) and hand abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscles before (baseline) and at different time points (0 and 30 min) after anodal or cathodal tsDCS (2.5 mA, 20 min, T<inf>9</inf>-T<inf>11</inf> level). In 8 of the 14 subjects we also tested the soleus H reflex and the F waves from AH and ADM before and after tsDCS. Both anodal and cathodal tsDCS left the upper limb MEPs and F wave unchanged. Conversely, while leaving lower limb H reflex unchanged, they oppositely affected lower limb MEPs: whereas anodal tsDCS increased resting motor threshold [(mean ± SE) 107.33 3.3% increase immediately after tsDCS and 108.37 ± 3.2% increase 30 min after tsDCS compared with baseline] and had no effects on MEP area and latency, cathodal tsDCS increased MEP area (139.71 ± 12.9% increase immediately after tsDCS and 132.74 ± 22.0% increase 30 min after tsDCS compared with baseline) without affecting resting motor threshold and MEP latency. Our results show that tsDCS induces polarity-specific changes in corticospinal excitability that last for >30 min after tsDCS offset and selectively affect responses in lower limb muscles innervated by lumbar and sacral motor neurons.
Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation modulates human corticospinal system excitability / T. Bocci, S. Marceglia, M. Vergari, V. Cognetto, F. Cogiamanian, F. Sartucci, A. Priori. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3077. - 114:1(2015 Jul), pp. 440-446.
|Titolo:||Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation modulates human corticospinal system excitability|
PRIORI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||corticospinal system; direct current stimulation; motor potentials; spinal cord; spinal cord stimulation; transcranial direct current stimulation; transcranial magnetic stimulation; transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation; physiology; neuroscience (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2015|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||29-apr-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00490.2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|