Background: Patients with bone metastases from advanced cancer often experience skeletal-related events (SRE), which cause substantial pain and morbidity. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits RANK Ligand (RANKL), is a novel bone-targeted agent with a distinct mechanism of action relative to the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid, for prevention of SRE. This pre-planned analysis evaluates the efficacy and safety of denosumab versus zoledronic acid across three pivotal studies. Methods: Patient-level data from three identically designed, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, phase 3 trials of patients with breast cancer, prostate cancer, other solid tumours or multiple myeloma were combined. End-points included time to first SRE, time to first and subsequent (multiple) SRE, adverse events, time to disease progression and overall survival. Findings: Denosumab was superior to zoledronic acid in delaying time to first on-study SRE by a median 8.21 months, reducing the risk of a first SRE by 17% (hazard ratio, 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76-0.90]; P < 0.001). Efficacy was demonstrated for first and multiple events and across patient subgroups (prior SRE status; age). Disease progression and overall survival were similar between the treatments. In contrast to zoledronic acid, denosumab did not require monitoring or dose modification/withholding based on renal status, and was not associated with acute-phase reactions. Hypocalcaemia was more common for denosumab. Osteonecrosis of the jaw occurred at a similar rate (P = 0.13). Conclusion: Denosumab was superior to zoledronic acid in preventing SRE with favourable safety and convenience in patients with bone metastases from advanced cancer.

Superiority of denosumab to zoledronic acid for prevention of skeletal-related events : a combined analysis of 3 pivotal, randomised, phase 3 trials / A. Lipton, K. Fizazi, A.T. Stopeck, D.H. Henry, J.E. Brown, D.A. Yardley, G.E. Richardson, S. Siena, P. Maroto, M. Clemens, B. Bilynskyy, V. Charu, P. Beuzeboc, M. Rader, M. Viniegra, F. Saad, C. Ke, A. Braun, S. Jun. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0959-8049. - 48:16(2012 Nov), pp. 3082-3092.

Superiority of denosumab to zoledronic acid for prevention of skeletal-related events : a combined analysis of 3 pivotal, randomised, phase 3 trials

S. Siena;
2012-11

Abstract

Background: Patients with bone metastases from advanced cancer often experience skeletal-related events (SRE), which cause substantial pain and morbidity. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits RANK Ligand (RANKL), is a novel bone-targeted agent with a distinct mechanism of action relative to the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid, for prevention of SRE. This pre-planned analysis evaluates the efficacy and safety of denosumab versus zoledronic acid across three pivotal studies. Methods: Patient-level data from three identically designed, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, phase 3 trials of patients with breast cancer, prostate cancer, other solid tumours or multiple myeloma were combined. End-points included time to first SRE, time to first and subsequent (multiple) SRE, adverse events, time to disease progression and overall survival. Findings: Denosumab was superior to zoledronic acid in delaying time to first on-study SRE by a median 8.21 months, reducing the risk of a first SRE by 17% (hazard ratio, 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76-0.90]; P < 0.001). Efficacy was demonstrated for first and multiple events and across patient subgroups (prior SRE status; age). Disease progression and overall survival were similar between the treatments. In contrast to zoledronic acid, denosumab did not require monitoring or dose modification/withholding based on renal status, and was not associated with acute-phase reactions. Hypocalcaemia was more common for denosumab. Osteonecrosis of the jaw occurred at a similar rate (P = 0.13). Conclusion: Denosumab was superior to zoledronic acid in preventing SRE with favourable safety and convenience in patients with bone metastases from advanced cancer.
Bone metastasis; Denosumab; Skeletal-related events; Zoledronic acid; Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw; Bone Density Conservation Agents; Bone Neoplasms; Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic; Diphosphonates; Disease Progression; Female; Humans; Hypocalcemia; Imidazoles; Male; Middle Aged; Proportional Hazards Models; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Survival Analysis; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome; Cancer Research; Oncology
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/339384
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