Background: The Panitumumab Randomized trial In combination with chemotherapy for Metastatic colorectal cancer to determine Efficacy (PRIME) demonstrated that panitumumab-FOLFOX4 significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) versus FOLFOX4 as first-line treatment of wild-type (WT) KRAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the primary end point of the study. Patients and methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to panitumumab 6.0 mg/kg every 2 weeks + FOLFOX4 (arm 1) or FOLFOX4 (arm 2). This prespecified final descriptive analysis of efficacy and safety was planned for 30 months after the last patient was enrolled. Results: A total of 1183 patients were randomized. Median PFS for WT KRAS mCRC was 10.0 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 9.3-11.4 months] for arm 1 and 8.6months (95% CI 7.5-9.5 months) for arm 2; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.80; 95% CI 0.67-0.95; P = 0.01. Median overall survival (OS) forWT KRAS mCRC was 23.9 months (95%CI 20.3-27.7 months) for arm 1 and 19.7 months (95% CI 17.6-22.7 months) for arm 2; HR = 0.88; 95% CI 0.73-1.06; P=0.17 (68%OS events). An exploratory analysis of updated survival (>80%OS events) was carried out which demonstrated improvement in OS; HR = 0.83; 95%CI 0.70-0.98; P=0.03 forWT KRASmCRC. The adverse event profile was consistent with the primary analysis. Conclusions: In WT KRAS mCRC, PFS was improved, objective response was higher, and there was a trend toward improved OS with panitumumab-FOLFOX4, with significant improvement in OS observed in an updated analysis of survival in patients with WT KRAS mCRC treated with panitumumab + FOLFOX4 versus FOLFOX4 alone (P = 0.03). These data support a positive benefit-risk profile for panitumumab-FOLFOX4 for patients with previously untreated WT KRAS mCRC. KRAS testing is critical to select appropriate patients for treatment with panitumumab. © The Author 2014.

Final results from PRIME : randomized phase III study of panitumumab with FOLFOX4 for first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer / J. Douillard, S. Siena, J. Cassidy, J. Tabernero, R. Burkes, M. Barugel, Y. Humblet, G. Bodoky, D. Cunningham, J. Jassem, F. Rivera, I. Kocákova, P. Ruff, M. Błasińska-Morawiec, M. Šmakal, J.L. Canon, M. Rother, K.S. Oliner, Y. Tian, F. Xu, R. Sidhu. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0923-7534. - 25:7(2014 Jul), pp. 1346-1355. [10.1093/annonc/mdu141]

Final results from PRIME : randomized phase III study of panitumumab with FOLFOX4 for first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer

S. Siena
Secondo
;
2014

Abstract

Background: The Panitumumab Randomized trial In combination with chemotherapy for Metastatic colorectal cancer to determine Efficacy (PRIME) demonstrated that panitumumab-FOLFOX4 significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) versus FOLFOX4 as first-line treatment of wild-type (WT) KRAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the primary end point of the study. Patients and methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to panitumumab 6.0 mg/kg every 2 weeks + FOLFOX4 (arm 1) or FOLFOX4 (arm 2). This prespecified final descriptive analysis of efficacy and safety was planned for 30 months after the last patient was enrolled. Results: A total of 1183 patients were randomized. Median PFS for WT KRAS mCRC was 10.0 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 9.3-11.4 months] for arm 1 and 8.6months (95% CI 7.5-9.5 months) for arm 2; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.80; 95% CI 0.67-0.95; P = 0.01. Median overall survival (OS) forWT KRAS mCRC was 23.9 months (95%CI 20.3-27.7 months) for arm 1 and 19.7 months (95% CI 17.6-22.7 months) for arm 2; HR = 0.88; 95% CI 0.73-1.06; P=0.17 (68%OS events). An exploratory analysis of updated survival (>80%OS events) was carried out which demonstrated improvement in OS; HR = 0.83; 95%CI 0.70-0.98; P=0.03 forWT KRASmCRC. The adverse event profile was consistent with the primary analysis. Conclusions: In WT KRAS mCRC, PFS was improved, objective response was higher, and there was a trend toward improved OS with panitumumab-FOLFOX4, with significant improvement in OS observed in an updated analysis of survival in patients with WT KRAS mCRC treated with panitumumab + FOLFOX4 versus FOLFOX4 alone (P = 0.03). These data support a positive benefit-risk profile for panitumumab-FOLFOX4 for patients with previously untreated WT KRAS mCRC. KRAS testing is critical to select appropriate patients for treatment with panitumumab. © The Author 2014.
Antibody; Chemotherapy; FOLFOX; Metastatic colorectal cancer; Panitumumab; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; Colorectal Neoplasms; Female; Fluorouracil; Genes, ras; Humans; Leucovorin; Male; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Metastasis; Organoplatinum Compounds; Quality of Life; Oncology; Hematology; Medicine (all)
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/339199
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