The hypothesis that Mediterranean top predator species, such as large pelagic fish, are potentially at risk due to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), is investigated. The potential estrogenic effects of PHAHs in three fish species of commercial interest, the top predators bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), and Mediterranean spearfish (Tetrapturus belone), were investigated using vitellogenin (Vtg), zona radiata proteins (Zrp) and mixed function oxidases (EROD, BPMO) as diagnostic tools. High induction of Vtg and Zrp was detected by western blot and ELISA techniques in adult males of X. gladius and T. thynnus thynnus, suggesting that these species are at high toxicological risk in the Mediterranean sea. Comparison of BPMO and EROD activities in the three species indicated, both in male and female, much higher MFO activity in bluefin tuna. This data suggests high exposure of this species to lipophilic xenobiotic contaminants in the Mediterranean environment.
|Titolo:||Biomarkers for endocrine disruptors in three species of Mediterranean large pelagic fish|
|Parole Chiave:||Thunnus thynnus thynnus ; Xiphias gladius ; Tetrapturus belone ; EDCs ; Vtg ; Zrp ; Erod ; BPMO|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0141-1136(02)00149-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|