Objectives: To assess the association between CT features and EGFR, ALK, KRAS mutations in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: Patients undergoing chest CT and testing for the above gene mutations were included. Qualitative evaluation of CTs included: lobe; lesion diameter; shape; margins; ground-glass opacity; density; cavitation; air bronchogram; pleural thickening; intratumoral necrosis; nodules in tumour lobe; nodules in non-tumour lobes; pleural retraction; location; calcifications; emphysema; fibrosis; pleural contact; pleural effusion. Statistical analysis was performed to assess association of features with each gene mutation. ROC curves for gene mutations were drawn; the corresponding area under the curve was calculated. P-values <0.05 were considered significant. Results: Of 285 patients, 60/280 (21.43 %) were positive for EGFR mutation; 31/270 (11.48 %) for ALK rearrangement; 64/240 (26.67 %) for KRAS mutation. EGFR mutation was associated with air bronchogram, pleural retraction, females, non-smokers, small lesion size, and absence of fibrosis. ALK rearrangements were associated with age and pleural effusion. KRAS mutation was associated with round shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes, and smoking. Conclusions: This study disclosed associations between CT features and alterations of EGFR (air bronchogram, pleural retraction, small lesion size, absence of fibrosis), ALK (pleural effusion) and KRAS (round lesion shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes). Key Points: • Air bronchogram, pleural retraction, small size relate to EGFR mutation in NSCLC. • Pleural effusion and younger age relate to ALK mutation. • Round lesion shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes relate to KRAS mutation.

CT Radiogenomic Characterization of EGFR, K-RAS, and ALK Mutations in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer / S. Rizzo, F. Petrella, V. Buscarino, F. de Maria, S. Raimondi, M. Barberis, C. Fumagalli, G. Spitaleri, C. Rampinelli, F. de Marinis, L. Spaggiari, M. Bellomi. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0938-7994. - 26:1(2016 Jan), pp. 32-42. [10.1007/s00330-015-3814-0]

CT Radiogenomic Characterization of EGFR, K-RAS, and ALK Mutations in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

S. Rizzo
;
F. Petrella;V. Buscarino;F. de Maria;S. Raimondi;C. Fumagalli;C. Rampinelli;L. Spaggiari
Penultimo
;
M. Bellomi
Ultimo
2016-01

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the association between CT features and EGFR, ALK, KRAS mutations in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: Patients undergoing chest CT and testing for the above gene mutations were included. Qualitative evaluation of CTs included: lobe; lesion diameter; shape; margins; ground-glass opacity; density; cavitation; air bronchogram; pleural thickening; intratumoral necrosis; nodules in tumour lobe; nodules in non-tumour lobes; pleural retraction; location; calcifications; emphysema; fibrosis; pleural contact; pleural effusion. Statistical analysis was performed to assess association of features with each gene mutation. ROC curves for gene mutations were drawn; the corresponding area under the curve was calculated. P-values <0.05 were considered significant. Results: Of 285 patients, 60/280 (21.43 %) were positive for EGFR mutation; 31/270 (11.48 %) for ALK rearrangement; 64/240 (26.67 %) for KRAS mutation. EGFR mutation was associated with air bronchogram, pleural retraction, females, non-smokers, small lesion size, and absence of fibrosis. ALK rearrangements were associated with age and pleural effusion. KRAS mutation was associated with round shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes, and smoking. Conclusions: This study disclosed associations between CT features and alterations of EGFR (air bronchogram, pleural retraction, small lesion size, absence of fibrosis), ALK (pleural effusion) and KRAS (round lesion shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes). Key Points: • Air bronchogram, pleural retraction, small size relate to EGFR mutation in NSCLC. • Pleural effusion and younger age relate to ALK mutation. • Round lesion shape, nodules in non-tumour lobes relate to KRAS mutation.
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK); Computed Tomography (CT); Epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR); Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS); Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC); Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
9-mag-2015
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/323219
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